20. Fisheries Resource Survey & Operational Plan for M.V.
SEAFDEC 2 (since 2004)
In 2004, the M.V. SEAFDEC 2 was granted by Government of Japan to SEAFDEC to support the SEAFDEC Member Countries in their efforts to conduct fisheries resources and marine environmental surveys. The Project was therefore formulated with the objectives of assisting the Member Countries in conducting fisheries research resources surveys, and building human resources capacity through the utilization of the M.V. SEAFDEC 2. For 2019, the Member Countries that requested to use the M.V. SEAFDEC 2 include Viet Nam for the conduct of a survey of marine fisheries in Viet Nam, and Malaysia for its mid-water trawl survey in Malaysian waters.
TD JTF and
AMSs under cost- sharing scheme
21. Strengthening SEAFDEC Network for Sustainable Fisheries The Project is expected to come up with: 1) enhanced regional coordination and collaboration; 2) strengthened monitoring and evaluation of the SEAFDEC programs and projects; and 3) strengthened information dissemination of SEAFDEC projects results. Towards achieving such outcomes, the project in 2019 would continue to support regional coordination through the Regional Fisheries Policy Network (RFPN); enhance cooperation among SEAFDEC and Member Countries on the results of FCG/ASSP programs;
facilitate monitoring and evaluation of SEAFDEC programs/
project activities; and promote the results of initiatives undertaken by SEAFDEC through the special publication
“Fish for the People.”
22. Fisheries and Habitat Management, Climate Change and Social Well-being in Southeast Asia (2013-2019) The Project aims to achieve three output objectives, namely: 1) capacity built for the integration of habitat and fisheries management, and adaptation to climate change; 2) capacity enhanced and systems improved for the management of fishing capacity (monitoring; record and control);and 3) capacity built and policy development processes improved for drafting and implementing regional and sub-regional agreements. Four sub-regions targeted by this project include the Gulf of Thailand, Andaman Sea, Mekong River, and Sulu-Sulawesi Seas. In 2019, the project would continue to conduct various activities, e.g.
sub-regional meetings, consultations and workshops, based on the thematic issues; and wrap-up on the lessons learned from the implementation of the relevant activities in the four sub-regions. The Project would also support regional cooperation to promote sustainable utilization of neritic tuna resources in Southeast Asia waters through the conduct of the 5th Meeting of the Scientific Working Group, and improve data collection on neritic tunas. Cooperation with other international organizations including their participation to the relevant events would be continued with a view of enhancing the project visibility and impacts;
while support to the Regional Fisheries Policy Network (RFPN) would also be sustained.
23. The Oceans and Fisheries Partnership (USAID Oceans) (2015-2020)
The Project has the objectives of: 1) strengthening regional cooperation and capacity to combat IUU fishing and conserve marine biodiversity; 2) expanding the use of electronic Catch Documentation and Traceability (eCDT) systems to priority biodiversity areas; 3) strengthening the capacity of regional and national organizations to conserve biodiversity using an Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries Management (EAFM) and eCDT; 4) addressing human welfare concerns, including gender and labor across all program activities; and 5) engaging the private sector to ensure sustainability, while advancing regional fisheries governance. Activities in 2019 would be continued at the two learning sites in General Santos, Philippines, and in Bitung, Indonesia. In addition, activities would also be continued at the identified expansion sites in Malaysia and Thailand.
2) Departmental Programs
Program Title Department Funding
Source 1. Quality Seed for Sustainable Aquaculture (2016-2020)
The Program aims to generate, verify and promote technologies to ensure the sustainable production of quality seedstock for aquaculture as well as for stock enhancement.
The Program would also continue to focus on one of the main objectives, which is to help industry stakeholders, particularly those engaged in small to medium scale aquaculture operations by introducing the innovations discovered through science-based researches.
In 2019, the Program will continue with such activities as the use of agricultural wastes as feed ingredients for Nile tilapia and development of nursery rearing techniques for the Anguillid eels. Plans to collaborate with Philippine academic institutions (e.g. Central Luzon State University (CLSU), De La Salle University (DLSU), University of the Philippines’ Marine Science Institute (UP MSI)) on (a) genomic applications for aquaculture stock improvement, and (b) development of functional feeds particularly for tilapia and mangrove crabs, shall commence should funds from the Department of Science and Technology (DOST) be successfully obtained.
The studies on catfish, Anguillid eel, silver therapon, giant grouper, tiger shrimp, seaweed, sandfish, abalone, and natural food (algal paste feed and Marphysa sp.) will also continue.
2. Healthy and Wholesome Aquaculture (2016-2020) The Program is critical in attaining significant
improvements and sustaining aquaculture production in the face of many challenges posed by present and future ecological, economic, as well as climatic changes. The strategies invoked in this Program will concentrate on nutrition to promote healthy farmed aquatic animals;
disease diagnosis, control, monitoring and surveillance of aquatic animals; and environmental integrity, certification, and food safety. The optimization and sustainability of aquaculture production shall be based on Best Management and Good Aquaculture Practices to ensure the least impact on the environment. There are two components under this program: (1) fish health, and (2) feed and nutrition.
The Fish Health component aims to improve aquaculture production through innovations in fish health
management in aquaculture. In 2019, the continuing study on tilapia lake virus (TiLV) will start its 1-year sampling and monitoring. The collected samples (water, soil, and animal) will undergo virus detection using PCR and confirmation using hispathology.
Efficacy of different therapeutants against Caligus sp.will also continue with evaluation of the efficacy of other possible therapeutants such as hydrogen peroxide and herbal extract of onion at various concentrations, as a preventive treatment against sea lice in pompano.
Following the experimental run during the wet season, the study on Penaeus vannamei using Biofloc system will do a run during the dry season for comparison.
As for disease and pest detection in seaweeds, surveillance, monitoring of current and emergent diseases/pests in farms will continue. Formulation of proactive management protocols and tools for seaweed diseases will commence.
Issues and gaps per commodity will also be addressed this year including testing solutions for emerging diseases (e.g. Streptococcal infection and vibriosis in marine fish, prevention and control of Amyloodinium infections). The program also aims to address the lack of good quality shrimp by using probiotics in hatchery and production through polyculture. Updating of manuals and publications is also a priority.
For the Feed and Nutrition component, the objective is to find effective alternative protein sources to fish meal in dietary formulations and determine specific nutrients that enhance growth performances.
The proposed projects and activities for 2019 under the Program will include demonstration of Phytoecdysteroids Crude Extract (PCE) from spinach for molting crabs, evaluation of green macroalgae C. linum as food source for farmed P. monodon, amino acid requirements of pompano Trachinotus blochii, and spray dried
hemoglobin powder meal as alternative protein source in grouper diet.
Drafting of hatchery operation manual following the demonstration of the viability of hatchery-bred P.
indicus in semi-intensive culture in ponds usingSEAFDEC formulated diet is also planned as proposed.
3. Adapting to Climate Change Impacts (2016-2020) The Program aims to identify the changes in the
environment brought about by the changing climate that may affect the aquaculture sector. It also aims to prepare the sector for the possible effects of these changes, minimize and mitigate the adverse impacts of climate, and ensure the continued operation of all aquaculture production systems under the changing climatic conditions.
In 2019, the activities under the Program include: (1) adoption and promotion of adaptive practices, such as:
culture of fast growing species, use of larger fingerlings, use of recirculating aquaculture systems, IMTA, rice-fish culture, aquaponics, precision farming, etc.; (2) continue evaluation of potential alternative ingredients for fish feeds; (3) implementation of zoning, monitoring, early warning systems; and (4) promotion of seaweeds and mollusk farming, and also mangrove reforestation for carbon sequestration
4. Maintaining Environmental Integrity through Responsible Aquaculture (2016-2020)
The Program aims to develop environment-based aquaculture technology by integrating environmental factors in AQD research activities and to maintain environmental integrity by promoting responsible aquaculture practices.
In 2019, research activities under this Program will include continuing studies on giant freshwater prawn culture in lake-based cages, sea-based grow-out culture of abalone in pipes, culture of polychaetes in raceways, and evaluation of IMTA culture system in pens with milkfish, seaweeds, and sea cucumbers. The studies under JTF 6 will continue on its last year in 2019, covering the topics on sea horse stock enhancement and aqua- silviculture of tiger shrimps in brackishwater ponds under the Program “Maintaining Environmental Integrity through Responsible Aquaculture” (MEITRA).
Meanwhile, the new research studies starting 2019, will include manipulative experiments to develop a strategic feeding technique for milkfish based on compensatory growth responses for cage culture applications, bio- secured production of soft-shell mangrove crabs in ponds, individual culture of oyster in pouches within brackishwater ponds and rivers, and enhanced
production of sea cucumbers from hatchery to grow-out in sea ranch.
The activities under the “Joint Mission for Accelerated Nationwide Technology Transfer Program for
Aquaculture” (JMANTTP II) will continue in 2019. A collaborative project of AQD with the Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR) in the Philippines, it aims to promote sustainable aquaculture technologies and facilitate the transfer of such technologies to stakeholders through training, demonstration and technical assistance.
As part of the priority of MEITRA in 2019, linkages with the local government units and agencies would be strengthened to ensure the efficient enforcement of environmental laws and promotion of eco-friendly culture systems and methods through dissemination of information, education and communication materials to stakeholders.
5. Meeting Social and Economic Challenges in Aquaculture (2016-2020)
The Program generally aims to develop and implement social and economic strategies in aquaculture and resource management to secure food and income through stakeholder collaboration. In 2019, the planned activities under this Program will include the continuing study on anguillid eels with a survey which will provide basis for the improvement of nursery and grow-out technologies and the formulation of policies to support the industry.
For projects under the Integrated Multi-Trophic
Aquaculture (IMTA), a model estimation of the technical economic efficiency in small-holder milkfish mariculture in the Philippines will be conducted followed by an IMTA post-project assessment. This will also include the economic analysis update of various production systems (broodstock maintenance and larval production, fry and fingerling production, grow-out) including new culture species such as sandfish.
A collaborative stock enhancement of P. monodon in New Washington Estuary will be conducted in partnership between AQD, Aklan State University, LGU and BFAR Region VI to enhance the role of aquaculture in securing food and fishing livelihoods.
6. Priority and Special Projects (2016-2020) The Program is aimed at streamlining AQD’s R&D programs to focus more on enhanced transfer of mature technologies for food security and poverty alleviation.
All activities will be continued in 2019 including the sustained partnership between the Philippine Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR) and AQD. Included in the activities is the establishment of a feedmill plant for low-cost broodstock diets of commercially-viable fishes and crustaceans which will commence following the approval of the proposal.
Another project under the BFAR-AQD partnership is the establishment of legislated multi-species hatcheries which will also continue in 2019.
For training and information, the second wave of internship training for manpower development will be conducted, while researchers would be encouraged to publish helpful information materials for use of the stakeholders.
7. Promotion on Strengthening of SEAFDEC Visibility and Enhancing Human Capacity Building (2019)
Under the Program, fisheries information based on the roles and activities of SEADEC/TD would be imparted to the public through production and dissemination of materials, and participation in national and international exhibitions. In 2019, three issues of Advance Fisheries Technology would be produced, while information packages on responsible fisheries would also be developed and disseminated to promote awareness and understanding of fishers, stakeholders and the public.
The Website would be enhanced and databases would be developed to support the projects implemented by TD. Furthermore, capacity building would be provided for SEAFDEC staff to develop their skills for enhancing information-related works. TD would also sustain the conduct of tailor-made training course(s) upon the request of Member Countries, non-Member Countries, and other organizations.
8. Improvement of Fisheries Technology and Reduction of the Impact from Fishing (2019-2020)
The Program comprises activities under three components, namely: 1) Promotion of appropriate technologies and practices of fishing and marine engineering to enhance sustainable marine fishery resources utilization; 2) Fisheries research on the impact
of fishing on marine ecosystems; and 3) Development of database to support the fisheries management for Thailand.
9. Collaborative Research between JIRCAS and SEAFDEC/
The Program aims to obtain understanding on coastal community requirements during monsoon season, which usually occur annually from November to February in the east coast of Peninsular Malaysia, and introduce alternative livelihoods to the coastal communities during the monsoon season.
10. Fish Stock Assessment and Production Potential of Inland Fisheries (2017-2020)
The purpose of this Project is to determine the amount of fish stocks, production potential, sustainable potential yield (MSY), and total catch that can be used as a basis for fisheries management in the Indonesian inland waters (Fisheries Management Area (FMA) number 439, 438, 431, 432, 435 and 436). Based on the analysis of the data obtained from each FMA, the development and management of fisheries and the conservation of fish resources in inland fisheries would be facilitated towards sustainability so that synergy and integration among the inland waters could be achieved.
11. Center of Excellence in Science and Technology for Inland Fisheries Management (2018-2021)
This Project is aimed at establishing a center of
excellence in science and technology for inland fisheries management with national and international standards.
In 2019, the activities that would be conducted, include:
1) Determination of fish stock and fish production from inland fisheries in Indonesia; 2) Scheming of fish passage design and principles to enhance the sustainability of inland fishery resources; and 3) Establishment of conservation areas based on results of fish stock assessment.
*Funding for Departmental Programs is mainly sourced from regular contributions of respective Host Governments
3) Other Programs
Program Title Department Funding
Source 1. Implementing the Lower Mekong Fish Passage
Initiative in Cambodia, Thailand, and Viet Nam (2018- 2019)
The objective of the Project is to build the capacity of the SEAFDEC and Lower Mekong nations to construct and maintain low head fish passes to restore fisheries connectivity at irrigation facilities, weirs, and road prisms. The expected outcomes include:
1) Appropriate site selection for demonstration of fish passage in Cambodia, Thailand and Viet Nam; 2) Demonstration fish passage construction in Cambodia, Thailand, and Viet Nam; and 3) Distribution of demonstration fish passage technical information. The project is undertaken mainly by the US Department of Interior (US-DOI), with engagement of TD in following-up with respect to the construction and communication with local contractors. The project would complete the construction of demonstration fish passages in 2019, one each in Cambodia, Thailand, and Viet Nam.
Project Title Lead
Department Potential Donors 1. Development of Stock Assessment Method and
Strengthening of Resources Management Measures on Tropical Anguillid Eels in ASEAN Region
2. Second Phase of Enhancing Coastal Community Resilience for Sustainable Livelihood and Coastal Resources Management
MFRDMD JAIF and
other donors In addition to the above projects and programs, there were also two (2) pipeline projects of which the proposals are prepared in consultation with respective donor agencies and the Member Countries. These projects would be implemented under the FCG/ASSP mechanism once funding could be secured.