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Formulation of recommendation for management of small pelagic fish resources in the Southeast Asian region

Thrust V: Addressing International Fisheries Related Issues from a Regional Perspective 20 Assistance of Capacity Building in the Region to Address

Step 3: Formulation of recommendation for management of small pelagic fish resources in the Southeast Asian region

tons of Sardinella spp. were captured in the region. Besides food resources, capture fisheries targeting these fishes are of fundamental importance to this region in terms of employment and livelihood of fishers. Purse seine is one of the major fishing gears to catch those small pelagic fishes. However, management of purse seine fisheries is still neglected because information about stocks is lacking. For sustainable use of these resources, formulation of a management plan is required. Therefore, we need to develop the best way to assess the size and state of the stocks for accurate TAC allocation and to find the most applicable TAC system for the purse seine fisheries in the region. Considering the likeliness of these stocks shared by countries bordering with the same ecosystems both in the Andaman Sea and the South China Sea, effective management of shared stocks requires management measures to be taken for the whole coverage area that is beyond national waters.

3.2.2 Expected Final Goal of the Project:

- To contribute to the formulation of management strategies for small pelagic fisheries in the region;

- To provide monitoring tools for small pelagic fishery resources in the region.

3.2.3 “Steps” Toward Achieving Final Goal:

Step 1: Information compilation and analysis for sustainable pelagic fisheries in the South China Sea and

167

- Understanding of the subpopulation structure for fishery management by genetic study of a small pelagic fish species

20%

- Core Expert Meeting/Workshop 0%

- Management strategies for sustainable purse seine fisheries in the region 0%

3.2.6 Evaluation of Project Activities in 2013

About 20 year data of landings and effort have been typed in for CPUE analysis. Preliminary analysis started for stock levels of small pelagic fishes. Preliminary information collection of TAC systems in the world started. Equipments were purchased for the genetic study.

4. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES FOR THE YEAR 2014 4.1 Planning of the Project Activities

Activity/inputs Duration Remarks

Activity 1: Meeting/Workshop

Sub-activity 1.1: Case studies for CPUE in the Southeast Asian region

SEAFDED/MFRDMD will continue to compile and compare CPUE data for the last 30 years in Malaysia and Thailand where historical CPUE data are available to examine the trend of stock status for purse seine fisheries. A suitable unit of effort will be chosen from those statistics for comparisons.

Sub-activity 1.3: Comparison of TAC systems in the world

SEAFDEC/MFRDMD will continue to compare different TAC systems in the world to examine which TAC system is applicable for management of fishery resources in the region. TAC comparisons will include systems in Japan, Norway and other countries.

MFRDMD intends to clarify the pros and cons of each system with/without individual catch quotas and to choose the best system in the region with its requirements for Member Countries if applicable. MFRDMD will invite a resource person from Japan for comparisons of TAC systems.

Activity 2: Genetic Data Collection and Analysis Sub-activity 2.2: Sample collection

Amblygaster sirm will be chosen for the genetic study of a pelagic species in the South China Sea and Andaman Sea. Reasonable number of specimens will be collected by supporting Member Countries. Detailed sampling procedures will be discussed at the Core Expert Meeting in the second quarter of the year.

Sub-activity 2.3: Genetic study

Dissection of fish and DNA extraction will follow the standard operating procedures by SEAFDEC/MFRDMD. DNA will be extracted the collected tissue samples and analyzed for population structure. DNA markers will be determined at the Core Expert Meeting in the second quarter of the year.

Activity 3: Meetings for Effective Program Implementation Sub-activity 3.1: Core Expert Meeting/Workshop

The workshop will be held in the second quarter of the year. The main purposes of the workshop are to study how to analyze CPUE data, to share the information about CPUE of purse seine fisheries in Malaysia and Thailand and TAC systems in the world, and to determine sampling procedures for the genetic study.

Jan.-Dec.

Jan.-Dec.

Jan.-Dec.

Jan.-Dec.

Apr.-June

Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center

168 4.2 Expected Outcomes/Outputs of the Year 2014

During the workshop, the results of CPUE data analysis and comparisons of TAC systems in the world will be presented by officers of SEAFDEC/MFRDMD. The participants will study how to analyze the CPUE data.

The participants can start to collect/compile fishery data in Member Countries to access fish stock status in the region. Those activities will contribute to fishery management. An output will be information delivered at the workshop and an expected outcome will be improved fishery management in the region.

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Appendix 19 of Annex 4 PROJECT DOCUMENT

Project id: 041303 Program

Categories:

Programs under the Fisheries Consultative Group of the ASEAN-SEAFDEC Strategic Partnership (FCG/ASSP) Mechanism

Project Title: Research and Management of Sharks and Rays in the Southeast Asian Waters.

Program Thrust: IV Total Duration: 2 years (2013-2014) Lead Department: MFRDMD Lead Country: Indonesia

Project Sponsor: Japanese Trust Fund Project Partner:

Proposed Budget: USD 33,646 This year budget: [2013] USD 24,590 Prepared by Masaya Katoh, Deputy

Chief Project Leader Mr. Ahmad Ali

1. INTRODUCTION/BACKGROUND

Recently, on a regional level the pressure to list commercially important and valuable marine species on CITES is growing. Therefore, governments need to collect data on these species and to prepare management plans when needed. Identification of elasmobranch (sharks and rays) species is fundamental of biological data collection. Expertise in identification and biological data collection on sharks and rays in the region need to be strengthened. This project is aimed to train technical officers in the participating Member Countries to be able to collect taxonomic and biological data on sharks and rays in their countries and to publish field guide books on sharks and rays in the region with key features and biology.

These activities correspond to #10 of Resolution (Strengthen knowledge/science-based development and management of fisheries through enhancing the national capacity in the collection and sharing of fisheries data and information) and #4 of Plan of Action (Enhance regional fishery information systems and mechanisms to facilitate sharing, exchange and compilation of statistics and information that are required at the sub-regional and regional level and apply, where appropriate, regionally standardized definitions and classifications for statistical data to facilitate regional compilation, analysis and data exchange).

The performance indicators will be the number of publications such as field guidebooks and the number of individuals collected for the DNA bar-coding study.

2. PROJECT

2.1 Goal/Overall Objectives and Performance Indicators:

The objectives of this project are:

1) To facilitate biological studies of sharks and rays in Southeast Asian waters in participating Member Countries through the workshop on taxonomy and identification of sharks and rays in 2012;

2) To study biology of major elasmobranch (sharks and rays) species, which will provide basic knowledge for conservation and enhancement of shark and ray populations in the region; and

3) To publish field guide books on sharks and rays in the region with key features and biology.

2.2 Expected Outcomes and Outputs:

The expected outputs for the project include the biological information of sharks and rays in the region, publication of field guidebooks on sharks and rays and a workshop on taxonomy and identification of sharks and rays.

Through those outputs, Member Countries will be able to collect biological and taxonomic data on sharks and rays in the region. Strengthened data collection of sharks and rays in the region will be established for sustainable utilization. The sustainable utilization will be an expected outcome.

Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center

170 2.3 Project Description/Framework

Activity 1: Meeting/Workshop

Sub-activity 1.1: Workshop on taxonomy and identification of sharks and rays

SEAFDEC/MFRDMD organized the workshop on taxonomy and identification of sharks and rays in 2012, which was conducted under the different project.

Sub-activity 1.2: Regional Core Expert Meeting

SEAFCEC/MFRDMD will invite selected experts on sharks and rays from participating SEAFDEC Member Countries and SEAFDEC/SEC, and resource persons to participate in the Core Expert Meeting on Sharks and Rays in the third/fourth quarter of 2014. The meeting participants will review current available biological data on sharks and rays in the region, NPOA-sharks and a new Japanese Trust Fund project on sharks and rays for sustainable fishery from 2015.

Activity 2: Research on Biology of Sharks and Rays Sub-activity 2.1: Data collection at landing sites

Shark and ray specimens were collected at landing sites in Pahang and Perak. Their biological data were recorded including sex and number of embryos/eggs if any.

Sub-activity 2.2: Genetic study and information compilation

SEAFDEC/MFRDMD will continue to compile genetic information on sharks and rays as an alternative identification method. Currently, DNA bar-coding research on sharks is progressing in the world.

MFRDMD will conduct genetic research on some of the un-sequenced shark and ray species. Because of time and budget constraints, the new JTF project from 2015 will continue this sub-activity for elasmobranch species identification.

Sub-activity 2.3: Publication of biological information on sharks and rays in the region

SEAFDEC/MFRDMD will prepare and publish a book about biological information on sharks and rays in the Southeast Asian region in 2014.

3. PROGRESS/ACHIEVEMENTS OF ACTIVITIES IN THE YEAR 2013 3.1 Activities Achievements in the Year 2013

Achievements based on Activities Duration Remarks Activity 2: Research on Biology of Sharks and Rays

Sub-activity 2.1: Data collection at landing sites

Shark and ray specimens were collected at landing sites in Pahang and Perak. Their biological data were recorded including sex and number of embryos/eggs if any.

The poster entitled "Species composition of sharks in Southeast Asian region:

Reanalysis of the study on sharks in 2003 and 2004 by SEAFDEC and ASEAN- SEAFDEC Member Countries" was presented at the 9th Indo-Pacific Fish Conference in Okinawa, Japan. Two species of stingrays collected at Kuala Terengganu and Dungun confirmed to be new records for Malaysia. Study on mobula ray species will be conducted in Sabah. All shark and ray specimens are now preserved in the refrigerator at SEAFDEC/MFRDMD for the DNA study. A book entitled 'Field Guide to Rays, Skates and Chimaeras of the Southeast Asian Region' will be published by the end of this year.

Sub-activity 2.2: Genetic study and information compilation

SEAFDEC/MFRDMD started to compile genetic information on sharks and rays as an alternative identification method. Some shark and ray specimens were collected for the genetic study. Chemicals and kits for genetic study will be purchased. PCR reaction and primers used will be optimized and some samples of sharks and rays were sequenced for the genetic study.

Jan. -Dec.

Jan.-Dec.

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3.2 Evaluation of the Project Outcomes Till the Year 2013 3.2.1 Theme/Program Thrust and Issues:

(1) Theme/Program Thrust:

Research and management of sharks and rays in the Southeast Asian waters/

Thrust IV: Providing Policy & Advisory Services for Planning & Executing Management of Fisheries (2) Issues in the region at the beginning of the study:

About 126 thousand tons of sharks and rays were captured in 2009 in the Southeast Asian region. High demands for shark fin in Asia raise a concern about shark populations. In 1998, FAO proposed International Plan of Action for the Conservation and Management of Sharks (IPOA-SHARKS) corresponds to increase of shark catch. SEAFDEC conducted the basic study of sharks in the ASEAN region in 2003-2004. Species composition and landing were available for one year at major ports in Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam. However, fisheries data on sharks and rays are still lumped in most Member Countries. More recently, on a regional level the pressure to list commercially important and valuable marine species on CITES is growing. Therefore, governments need to collect data on these species for sustainable utilization. Identification of elasmobranch species is fundamental of biological data collection.

Expertise in identification and biological data collection on sharks and rays in the region need to be strengthened.

3.2.2 Expected Final Goal of the Project:

- To train technical officers in the participating Member Countries to be able to collect biological data on sharks and rays in the region;

- To provide basic biological data on sharks and rays in the region through research activities;

- To publish field guide books on sharks and rays in the region with key features and biology.

3.2.3 “Steps” Toward Achieving Final Goal:

Outline

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