• Walang Nahanap Na Mga Resulta

Production and dissemination of information packages

Component 3: Status and Trends of Fisheries and Aquaculture in Southeast Asia (STF)

3.5 Production and dissemination of information packages

Through the year 2007, promotional materials aimed to disseminate information and raise awareness on responsible fishing and practices were produced as following:

1) VCD on The study of luring effected to the squid behavior 2) VCD on Promotion of JTEDs in Perak, Malaysia

3) Publication on Guideline for Trawl Fishery 4) Publication on JTEDs in Vietnam

5) Publication on JTEDs in Cambodia

6) Poster of the overview concept of responsible fishing technology and practice Project Activities

Project/Activity Title Duration Remarks

Research and promotion of Responsible Fishing Technologies and Practices in the Region

- Assessment of JTEDs implementation in Southeast Asia

Jul., Aug., Oct 90%

- Promotion on the Use of JTEDs for Malaysia, Myanmar, and Indonesia through Demonstration and Experiment

Jul., Aug., Oct 70%

- Promotion on the use of JTEDs for SEAFDEC member countries through study tour program to SEAFDEC/TD and the Adopted JTEDs site in the Philippines

Jan-Dec 80%

Interaction between the threatened Species of International Concerns and Fisheries

- Workshop on Interaction between Sea turtle and fisheries (In collaboration with FAO)

March Completed

- Information Collection on Interaction of Sea Turtle and fisheries in Purse seine and other gears

Jan-Dec On going

- Participating of International Meeting Jan-Dec Completed Compilation of Fishing Gear and Methods for Marine

and Inland Capture Fisheries in the Region

- Monograph of Fishing gear and method in Myanmar Sep. 90%

- Monograph of Fishing gear and method in Indonesia Jan-Dec. On going Study/Assessment of Impact of Fishing Technologies to

the environment

- Impact of luring light Fishery Feb. 90%

- Trawl Fisheries and Code of Practices for Responsible

Trawl Fishery Jan-Dec


- Study on Wind energy Jan-Dec 40%

Production and dissemination of information package Jan-Dec Completed


Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center


Program/Project /Activities Duration Remark

Research and development of selective fishing gears and devices for reduced discards and by-catch of juvenile and trash in the region

- Assessment of JTEDs implementation May-Jun., Sep-Oct.

- Research and development on selective devices in trawl and other fishing gears

Arp-Jun., Sep-Oct.

- Promotion on the use of selective fishing gears and selective devices

Jun-Aug Research and study of the assessment of impacts of various

kinds of fishing gear and practice on fisheries resources, sea beds, environment and ecosystem

Collaboration with TUMSAT - Research and study on impacts of light fishing on fisheries

resources in Southeast Asia


- Research and study on impacts of bottom trawl net, dredges, traps and others


- Workshop on impacts of fishing including light fishing in Southeast Asia


Interaction between threatened species of international concern and fisheries

Collaboration with NOAA - Information collection on interaction of endangered

species and fisheries


- Study on the assessment of the implementation on interaction guidelines and its impact on fisheries


- Participation of international meetings for information exchange on interaction of endangered species and fisheries


Review and categorization of the compilation of fishing gear and methods in Southeast Asia

- Finalization of the Myanmar Publication Jan.-May.

- Actual Survey and data collection in Indonesia Apr.-Sep.

Production of promotion materials and technical papers

- Production and dissemination of information package Jan.-Dec.

The Thirtieth Meeting of the SEAFDEC Program Committee, 26-28 November 2007


Program Category: Program under the ASEAN-SEAFDEC FCG Mechanism

Program Title: Rehabilitation of Fisheries Resources and Habitats/FishingGrounds through Resource Enhancement (Sustainable Utilization of Potential Fisheries Resources and Reduction of Post-harvest Losses)

Lead Department: Training Department Lead Country:

Total Duration: Since 2006 Proposed Budget: US$ 1000 1. INTRODUCTION

The quality of coastal and inshore ecosystems has deteriorated significantly as a result of continued and increasing human activities. These areas are critical to a broad range of aquatic organisms during their life cycles including spawning, nursery areas and feeding zones and many of these species are of economic importance. The areas serve as important sources of recruitment to, and the sustainability of, commercial fisheries. It is suggested that the productivity of these ecosystems can be enhanced through human intervention leading to improved livelihoods for coastal communities.

In many areas, the introduction of man-made structures, including artificial reefs, aquaculture facilities, breakwaters, stationary nets and jetties are shown to enhance local populations of aquatic organisms, provided that there are sufficient numbers of structures to have a significant and positive impact on ecosystem productivity and that they are integrated into coastal zone management regimes. These structures can enhance fisheries resources. To optimize the results of such initiatives, careful impact assessment and planning procedures are required.

Re-stocking may be an effective component in the enhancement of marine resources in inshore waters. Juveniles and seeds produced by hatcheries or collected from the wild in other areas are removed rapidly from the ecosystem by destructive fishing gears such as push nets or small- mesh trawl nets. Furthermore, in order to retain the released stocks within the immediate vicinity and minimize losses through out-migration, suitable habitat must be available to them.

Therefore, habitat restoration and/or enhancement and establishment of exclusive fishing rights may be necessary prerequisites for any marine re-stocking exercises.

Immediate action is required to prevent further loss of habitat and damage to fish stocks. A range of effective community-level mechanisms must be developed to assist fishers to restore habitats and rebuild stocks. These mechanisms are likely to be specific to different stocks and habitats. Habitat creation and the establishment of artificial reefs, the use of fish attraction devices and predator removal all have potential in the region.

2. PROGRAM 2.1 Objectives

1) To optimize the use of fishing ground through resource enhancement programs;

2) To enhance the fisheries resources by resource enhancement tools;

3) To assess the feasibility, environmental and socio-economical impact of resource enhancement tools;


Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center

5) To evaluate the impact of the fisheries resources enhancement by re-stocking programs; and 6) To develop human resources for the implementation of resource enhancement programs.

2.2 Program description

TD will be the responsible SEAFDEC Department for this project and will manage and coordinate all project activities. Other ASEAN member countries which have been identified as core countries will be involved in implementing the relevant project activities on a cost-sharing basis to develop Rehabilitation of Fisheries Resources and Habitats/Fishing Grounds through Resource Enhancement program and to conduct pilot projects to implement the program in their respective countries.


Experiments/Regional Workshop on the suitable designs/models of the resource enhancement tools in collaboration with the Member Countries including its evaluation and promotion.

In order to promote the rehabilitation of fisheries resources and habitats/fishing ground through resources enhancement tools, TD was designed second version of permanent fish aggregating device so call “Fish Enhancing Device (FEDs)”. The new device could be using in both coastal and off shore water. SEAFDEC/TD in cooperation program between Integrated Coastal Resource Management in Pulau Langkawi (ICRM-PL) and Rehabilitation of Fisheries Resources and Habitats/Fishing Grounds through Resource Enhancement for habitat and fishing ground development for resources enhancement was conducted a design and performance experiment test of FEDs in Pulau Langkawi, Malaysia. The training/demonstration on FEDs construction to local fishermen was conducted on 19 March 2007 at Kuala Teriang, Langkawi.

After the training/demonstration, the KENs, Kuala Teriang were completed construction of 10 units of FED on the end of March 2007. Instalation of FEDs were conducted on 4 April 2007.

The FEDs setting position in the zoning demarcation were determined at the Project Steering Committee meeting.

The marine physical and biological survey is one of essential tools to monitor effectiveness of the FEDs environmental and fisheries habitat changes by the installation of FEDs. Prior to the installation of the FEDs, therefore, an identical survey has to be initiated. The survey has been carried out on 20th -21st of March, 2007. The basic oceanographic parameters such as water quality, plankton, benthose (benthic fauna) and catchability of fishes were collected and investigated by available oceanographic equipments prepared by FRI Pinang staffs.

SEAFDEC/TD in cooperation with Department of Marine and Coastal Resources of Thailand was conducted a training /demonstration of FEDs in Phuket , Thailand on 21 August 2007.

There are 30 local fish folk participated in the event. Installation of 50 units of FEDs are proposed to conduct on 2008 in coastal of Andaman sea.

SEAFDEC/TD staffs in collaboration with Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR) of the Philippines was conducted demonstration/training and installation of Fish Aggregating Device (FADs) and Fish Enhancing Device (FEDs) in the Coral Garden Area of Tagalan, Aklan, Panay island, the Philippines during 22-27 February 2007. There are 5 units of FADs installed in the off shore area with water depth more than 250 m, while 10 units of FEDs were installed in shallow water, 20-70 meter depth. The consultative meeting on objectives and implementation process of the demonstration/training of FEDs the between SEAFDEC/TD staffs, BFAR officers, the Governor and Congress Man of Aklan was conducted on 22 February 2007. Both of Congress Man and the Governor are showing their highly interest of the program and proposed to expand more activities in Aklan.

The Thirtieth Meeting of the SEAFDEC Program Committee, 26-28 November 2007

Installation of 5 units of FADs were conducted by DA-BFAR research vessel on 23 February 2007. Area of installation is off shore of coral garden of the municipal waters of Tangalan, Aklan where water depth ranging from 250 to 300 m. The demonstration/training on FEDs construction and installation were conducted on 24-26 February at Tangalan. There are 40 participants from local fishermen and fisheries officers participated in the activities. Ten units of FEDs were installed in near shore area of coral garden program. Fisher folk with non-motorize engine boat from five fishing village namely Jawily, Dumatad, Afga, Baybay and Dapdap are authorize for utilization, maintenance and management of FEDs .

The monitoring survey on the Tangalan FEDs performance was conducted during 8-10 October 2007. The survey conducted on species composition observation by underwater camera/VDO record, fish abundance observation by echo-sounder, under-water observation, catching record by hand-line fishing operation, and interview to local fishermen on FEDs utilization. The preliminary result shows that local fishermen are highly appreciated on the installation of FEDs and FADs.

Project Activities

Project/Activity Title Duration Remark 1. Experiments/Regional Workshop on the suitable

designs/models of the resource enhancement tools in collaboration with the Member Countries including its evaluation and promotion

Feb. – Dec. 90%

2. Workshop/seminar on resource enhancement tools including artificial design and construction.

- Propose to

implement in 2010 3. Development of fisheries resources conservation and

enhancing through marine ranching/re-stocking and evaluation of the impact.

- ditto

3.1 Conservation of endangered species (dugong, whale shark, dolphin, etc.)

- ditto

3.2 Sea ranching of selected species (sea cucumber, giant clam, sea horse, spiny lobster, abalone, etc.)

- ditto

3.3 Restocking of indigenous species (freshwater species, shrimp, etc.)

- ditto

3.4 Marine Protected Areas - ditto

4. Ecosystem evaluation: Sea-grass, mangroves, corals, soft-bottom, rivers, reservoirs, wetlands, etc.

- ditto

5. Capacity Building on Rehabilitation of Fisheries Resources & Habitats/Fishing Grounds to Fisheries Officer of Member Countries

- ditto

6. Information dissemination on rehabilitation of fisheries resources and habitats/fishing grounds for public awareness

- ditto