Template for the Monitoring and Evaluation of the Implementation of RES&POA-2030 Background
SEAFDEC proposed the Concept Note for organizing the Regional Workshop on the Roadmap for Monitoring and Evaluation of the Implementation of the Resolution and Plan of Action on Sustainable Fisheries for Food Security in the ASEAN Region Towards 2030 (RES&POA-2030) during the 53rd Meeting of the SEAFDEC Council (53CM) in early 2021. The 53CM supported such idea and suggested SEAFDEC develop and disseminate the key indicators for monitoring and evaluation of the implementation of RES&POA-2030 in order that the AMSs could provide valuable inputs during the Workshop.
The SEAFDEC Secretariat in collaboration with the SEAFDEC Departments developed the indicators that will be used as tools to facilitate the monitoring and evaluation of the implementation of the RES&POA-2030. The indicators were categorized according to the six components of the Plan of Action on Sustainable Fisheries for Food Security for the ASEAN Region Towards 2030 (POA-2030), namely: 1) Planning and Information, 2) Fisheries Management, 3) Aquaculture, 4) Optimal Utilization of Fish and Fishery Products, 5) Fish Trade, and 6) Regional and International Policy Formulation. The detailed POA-2030 could be accessed at http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12066/6583.
This Template will be used to facilitate the monitoring and evaluation of the progress made by the AMSs in the implementation of the POA-2030 by providing inputs and feedback including the rating of indicators and additional information as agreed during the Regional Workshop on Development of the Key Indicators and Detailed Roadmap on 23–24 March 2022.
4. The SEAFDEC National Coordinators shall serve as focal persons for the monitoring and evaluation of the implementation of the POA-2030. They shall coordinate with the relevant agencies/institutions within their respective countries to gather relevant information and submit the accomplished Template to the SEAFDEC Secretariat.
5. The monitoring and evaluation are a self-assessment by the AMSs of their implementation of the POA-2030.
The AMSs are requested to rate the indicators to determine the level of achievement of POA-2030. In rating the indicators, the AMSs should consider common criteria (e.g. national policies, legal frameworks, programs, working mechanisms, human resources, financial resources, among others). However, the criteria for each indicator should be considered as applicable to the respective countries; while additional criteria could be explored, as appropriate. Each indicator should be rated as:
Option 1: rating scale of 1-5 1 = not at all
2 = at a limited level 3 = at a fair level 4 = at a good level
5 = at an excellent level Option 2: Yes/No
If the indicator is not applicable or the country is unable to provide a response, please indicate N/A.
6. The AMSs should provide additional information (e.g. means of verification) for each indicator to ensure that the same set of fundamentals and criteria is maintained during the different timeframes (i.e. in 2021 for the baseline, in 2025 for the mid-term review, and in 2029 for the final evaluation) of the monitoring and evaluation of the POA-2030 .
Timeframe: ☐ Baseline 2021 ☐ Mid-term Review 2025 ☐ Final Evaluation 2029 A. Planning and Information
Indicators Rating Additional information (e.g. means of verification)
1 Level of integration of planning of marine capture fisheries, inland capture fisheries, and aquaculture sub-sectors for
sustainable fisheries (e.g. availability of fisheries management/master plan that integrated all fisheries sub-sectors, multi- stakeholder participation in the planning process
4 Stated in the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (MMAF) Strategies Plan
Currently MMAF is in progress to formalize the ministrial regulation regarding Sustainable Fisheries Policy: Quota-based Approach 2 Level of the country’s capacity to develop
a plan towards sustainable fisheries 4 MMAF has developed related data and information updating system, and policy programs.
3 Level of sufficiency of the country’s systems and mechanisms for collection of statistics and data disaggregated at the species level to support fisheries valuation including monitoring of their performance (e.g. existing programs on data collection)
4 The Data, Statistics, and Information Center of MMAF has developed a fish master data which connected to all database in technical work units unded MMAF.
Notes: Indonesia as a tropical country which tend to have multi-species so that it has limitations in data collection process.
4 Level of the country’s capacity to establish reference points for the
management of fish stocks (e.g. biomass, MSY, ABC, TAE, spawning potential ratio (SPR), minimum length (especially for blue swimming crab)
4 Stated in the Ministerial Regulation No. 19 Year 2022 regarding fish stock estimation, total allowable catch, and fisheries management areas
A harvest strategy for crabs has been prepared and stated in the Fishery Management Plan. However we believe that it still necessary to
develop Harvest Control Rule (HCR).
c.Level of the country’s capacity to collect data and information on aquatic species under international concern (e.g. sharks, rays, sea turtles, catadromous eels, aquatic mammals)
1-5 Please specify all species 1) ____________
d.Level of the country’s application of SOPs to harmonize/standardize data collection methods for species under international concern
6 Level of applicability of regional fishery information systems and mechanisms to facilitate sharing, exchange, and
compilation of statistics and information that are harmonized with international statistical standards to the country’s fishery information systems and mechanisms (e.g. data and information digitization programs)
4 MMAF has access to validator and extension worker in the area for One Data access and accessible to the public (statistical data). In addition, Indonesia also submitted requested fisheries data through FAO-SOFIA and SEAFDEC-SEASOFIA.
7 Level of sharing of relevant statistics and fisheries-related data and information between the country’s fisheries agency and other authorities (e.g. in-country coordination)
4 MMAF conducts National Marine and Fisheries Data Validation (Marine and Fisheries in Figures) year. In addition to One Data, there is data unification from the regions which is
synchronized with central data through national validation.
8 Level of the country’s application of simple and practical indicators for planning, monitoring, and evaluation of fisheries
4 MMAF using simple and practical indicators based on coloring classification to reflect the extent to which the quantity or quality of the resources (overfishing, not overfished, or healthy conditions).
9 Level of the country’s sharing/
exchanging of information on research findings, good practices, and experiences among countries and regional institutions
4 Indonesia c.q MMAF has actively involved in sharing experience activities and delivering data &
achievements at regional level forums.
B. Fisheries Management POA-2030
Indicators Rating Additional information (e.g. means of verification)
10 Level of timeliness of the country’s reviewing and updating of national fisheries policies, legal and institutional frameworks in consultation with stakeholders
1-5 The MMAF’s National Commission regularly conducts reviews for the Assessment of Fish Stock every two years for estimating potentials. In addition, MMAF also conducts public consultation and dissemination in
Indonesia propose to change and ask clarification regarding the Timeliness to SEAFDEC
stages and involving many stakeholders.
Notes: MMAF’s will conduct review based on need not schedule or time.
11 Level of the country’s acceleration of the development of fisheries management plans for conservation and management
4 Stated in Minister Regulation No.
31/PERMEN-KP/2020 concerning Management of Conservation Areas as a Derivative of Law No. 27/2007 in conjunction with Law No. 1/2014.
Notes: The need in determining the management plant is based on national needs, not in regional integration efforts.
12 Level of the country’s implementation of measures to prevent unauthorized fishing and eliminate illegal fishing practices
4 Indonesia c.q MMAF has regulations and policies on prevention and prosecution (national level) and RPOA-IUU and AN-IUU (regional).
13 Level of the country’s implementation of comprehensive policies for fisheries management
Indonesia requests confirmation from the SEAFDEC Secretariat regarding the people aspect
4 Indonesia c.q MMAF has a
comprehensive fisheries policy that covers aspects of Social-Economy and Ecology, and is currently in the process of integration through MMAF Sustainable Fisheries Policy
14 Level of the country’s application of fisheries management approaches (e.g. co- management, EAFM, among others)
4 MMAF has EAFM-based fishery management activities and Fishery Management Plan in 11 Fisheries Management Areas.
Furthermore, synergy has been built between the regional government and the central government through top down and bottom up methods.
15 Level of capacity of the country’s fisheries communities and capability of fisheries-related organizations to implement necessary actions to address issues on the well-being of fishers
4 MMAF has built an Advance Fisherman Village to improve the livelihoods and women empowerment.
Moreover, it is planned to build in 120 locations, 220 locations by 2023, and 500 locations by 2024.
16 Level of participation of the country’s local communities and fisheries-related organizations in fisheries management
4 Indonesia c.q MMAF participates and facilitates a lot of coastal communities (fisheries) in fisheries management, however the local communities participation in providing data on the status of stock is limited.
17 Level of the country’s awareness/
perception of the need to develop
financial incentives (e.g. micro-credit) for
4 MMAF has established fisheries cooperatives for fishermen to access financial resources.
small-scale stakeholders and cooperatives for the responsible development of fisheries enterprises and developmental activities that optimize economic returns 18 Level of the country’s application of
energy-efficient technologies for fishing gears fishing vessels, and fishing operations
4 The Fishing Center of MMAF (BBPI) has developed environmental friendly fishing gear and fishing vessel design 19 c. Level of sufficiency of the country’s
capable fishing crew and workers in the fishing industry (e.g. enough number of competent fishing crew and workers, programs for new crew members and workers)
4 Indonesia c.q MMAF has adopted STCWF and provided training to fishing crews. This issue relates to the IMO convention on STCWF.
d. Level of the country’s application of appropriate technologies to optimize the number of crew onboard fishing vessels
20 Level of the country’s implementation of good and appropriate employment practices in accordance with domestic laws and regulations or relevant international instruments
- relevant provisions of ILO Conventions (e.g. C-188)
4 Indonesia c.q MMAF is in the process to adopt the C 188.
21 Level of capacity of the country’s relevant authorities and communities to
collaboratively resolve conflicts on resources utilization (e.g. establishment of an authorized multi-stakeholder
committee at local level)
22 Level of the country’s exploration and sustainable exploitation of potential underutilized fishery resources through comprehensive fishery resources surveys in a precautionary manner (e.g.
exploitation of deep-sea resources)
4 MMAF, through its technical
implementing unit, has ongoing marine and fisheries research activities.
23 c. Level of the country’s implementation
of the SSF Guidelines 4 MMAF has established several programs including support access to financial institutions, certification, and a fisherman cards.
d. Level of the country’s effort to collect sex-disaggregated statistics on fishers and fish workers in the fisheries value chain.
4 MMAF has developed the One Data system
24 Availability of guidelines/regulations/
procedures to facilitate fair distribution of benefits from the intra-regional and international trade of fish and fishery products among small-scale actors along
N Until now, Indonesia c.q MMAF does not have the intended guidelines/
the value chain
25 c. Level of the country’s monitoring and assessment of the impacts of climate change on fisheries and aquaculture
d. Level of country’s adjustment of existing programs taking into consideration the effects of climate change and natural disasters
4 Indonesia c.q MMAF is currently developing a Climate Change Roadmap
26 Level of the country’s assessment and management of the impacts of aquatic pollution (e.g. marine debris, ALDFG, microplastics) on fisheries and
27 Level of the country’s cooperation with other countries to assess and manage straddling, transboundary, and highly migratory fishery resources, as
appropriate (e.g. country’s participation in BOBLME, GOT-Fish, RFMOs, bilateral arrangements)
4 Indonesia c.q MMAF always actively participating in RFMOs.
28 Level of the country’s implementation of measures and activities to combat IUU fishing activities (e.g. NPOA-IUU, IUU- related information sharing, fishing vessel record database, VMS, port-in & port-out controls, conservation and management measures of relevant RFMOs of which SEAFDEC Member Countries are a member, MCS infrastructure and equipment)
5 MMAF has various program/activity under the supervision of the
Directorate General of Marine Resources Supervision.
29 Level of the country’s involvement and participation at regional, sub-regional, and bilateral levels on fisheries management, combating IUU fishing, and MCS network through inter-agency
coordination and information sharing (e.g.
country’s cooperation/coordination with AN-IUU, RPOA-IUU, among others)
5 Indonesia c.q MMAF involves in various regional, sub-regional, and bilateral levels of cooperation including RPOA-IUU, AN-IUU, RFVR, ACDS, RFMOs, and Coordinating Patrol (bilateral).
30 Level of the country’s utilization of existing regional frameworks and tools for combating IUU fishing activities (e.g.
RFVR, ACDS, and innovative technologies)
4 Indonesia c.q MMAF is active in RFVR, but the use of RFVR for combating IUUF still needs to be studied. In addition ACDS already covered in Fish Catch Certificate.
31 Level of involvement of the country’s legal officers in consultative dialogues at regional/sub-regional level to share and exchange information on updated legal
4 Indonesia c.q MMAF has been involved/participated in many forums discussing fisheries management.
and regulatory frameworks to address issues in fisheries management, as applicable
32 c. Level of capacity of the country’s relevant authorities to implement the requirements of port State measures
4 MMAF has appointed 4 Ports as the designated ports for the
implementation of PSM.
d. Level of capacity of the country’s relevant authorities to implement the requirements of flag State
33 c. Level of the country’s effort to conduct research on the impacts of various fishing gear types and methods on aquatic ecosystems and animal populations
d. Level of country’s development and promotion of environment-friendly fishing practices (e.g. low impact and fuel-efficient (LIFE) fishing
34 Level of the country’s implementation of regional and international guidelines to mitigate bycatch and discard
4 Indonesia c.q MMAF has establishing by-catch regulations in order to compliance with one of the RFMO resolutions.
35 Level of the country’s promotion of adoption of resource enhancement approaches with appropriate monitoring and evaluation programs (e.g. artificial reefs, restocking programs, mobile hatcheries, habitat restoration)
4 Indonesia c.q MMAF has not adopting the Fisheries Refugia program yet.
However it is currently in the finalization stage of the
recommendation from the government.
The location of the program itself is in Bangka Belitung and West Kalimantan 36 Level of the country’s application of the
fisheries refugia concept 4 Indonesia c.q MMAF has not adopting the Fisheries Refugia result yet.
Moreover, the concept of Fisheries Refugia intersects with Marine Protected Areas and Conservation Areas.
37 Level of the country’s implementation of approaches to sustainable management of major critical coastal habitats (e.g.
mangroves, coral reefs, seagrasses)
38 Level of the country’s compliance with international standards on safety at sea, decent working conditions, and onboard fishing vessels sanitation
4 Indonesia c.q MMAF needs internal confirmation whether it has ratified the STCFF and ILO conventions
39 Level of the country’s effort to assess the possible impacts of subsidies on fisheries, particularly on the special requirements and the needs of small-scale fisheries in
4 MMAF considered that the level could be in the form of the impact of
subsidies given to SSF in Indonesia.
the region Inland Fisheries
40 Level of the country’s implementation of comprehensive policies and provision of support to legal and institutional
frameworks for inland fisheries (e.g. co- management, rights-based fisheries, ecosystem approach to inland fisheries management)
41 Level of awareness of the country’s relevant stakeholders of the importance of inland fisheries and of the need to
rehabilitate/restore habitats and aquatic species for local food security
4 MMAF has conducted promotions and more organized management related to inland fisheries.
42 Level of the country’s effort to monitor and mitigate the negative impacts of invasive/alien species on the inland ecosystem and biodiversity
43 c. Level of coordination among the country’s national agencies on multiple utilization of inland water resources to mitigate conflicts among users
1-5 / Y-N MMAF considered that the level could be in the form of conflict mitigation
d. Level of the country’s involvement in sub-regional mechanisms to address transboundary inland fisheries management issues, where applicable
N Not applicable for Indonesia
44 c. Level of the country’s effort to promote R&D to understand the migration patterns, spawning grounds and seasons, and nursery grounds of important inland aquatic animals
d. Level of the country’s effort to sustain inland fisheries ecosystem health, habitat inter-connectivity, and dry season management
4 MMAF currently has and runs a program called SPEECTRA
45 c. Level of the country’s effort to monitor and assess the impacts of construction/ operations of man-made structures on inland waterways
d. Availability of mitigation measures and appropriate conservation and management measures for such impacts
46 Level of the country’s effort to undertake coordinated planning and management on the use of inland water bodies (e.g. closed
1-5 MMAF currently has and runs a program called SPEECTRA
and open season regulations, leasable or auction fisheries, special area for conservation and fish refugia (SPEECTRA))
Level of capacity of the country’s human resources and institutions to implement the plan and manage the use of inland water bodies
47 Availability of guidelines to promote the use of practical and simple indicators for inland/floodplain fisheries within the national inland fisheries management framework (provincial/community notifications for inland fisheries measures based on indicators e.g. succession of species, amount of rainfall and water inflow, level and duration of flood, abundance of macro-invertebrates)
Indicators Rating Additional information (e.g. means of verification)
48 Level of the country’s implementation of programs and policies on aquaculture to address social, economic, and
environmental aspects of sustainable aquaculture to improve
food security, livelihoods, and
employment, and alleviate poverty (e.g.
rural aquaculture program)
4 MMAF has released the 2020
Performance Report of the Directorate General of Aquaculture. Furthermore MMAF, through the technical unit, also implement the aquaculture village activities (mina padi) and shrimp ponds (cluster-based).
49 Level of the country’s implementation of the ASEAN guidelines for environment- friendly and responsible aquaculture and good aquaculture practices
4 Stated in the Decree of the Director General of Aquaculture No: 217/KEP- DJPB/2019 dated August 21, 2019 concerning the Executor of the Establishment of the Aquaculture Process Certification Agency.
In practice, the reference used in the establishment of this Certification Body is SNI ISO/IEC 17065:2012.
50 Level of coordination among the country’s national agencies to integrate aquaculture into rural development activities within the context of multiple- use of land and water resources
5 MMAF, through the Directorate General of Aquaculture, has establish the Memorandum of Understanding with other ministries such as Ministry of Public Works and Housing, Ministry of Agriculture, and Ministry
of Environment and Forestry.
51 Level of the country’s utilization of advanced technologies for marine and inland aquaculture such as full-cycle breeding and culture of high-value species
4 MMAF has a national program called
"MMAF breakthrough" program, focusing on export-oriented
commodities that have high economic value, namely shrimp, lobster, crab and seaweed (net culture).
52 Level of the country’s implementation of measures or strategies for responsible, environment-friendly, and sustainable aquaculture
4 Indonesia c.q MMAF has the regulation regarding Good Fish Cultivation Methods which contain the Wastewater Treatment Plant
Regulations that must be applied (when the pond is established) to ensure and preserve the environment.
53 Level of the country’s support for R&D on aquaculture (e.g. genetic resources, impacts of climate change, feed, aquatic animal health management)
4 MMAF has established a Genetic Bank as a response to the impact of climate change by using fish that can adapt, which can be related to the monitoring and prevention of fish diseases.
54 Availability and accessibility of the country’s specific pathogen-free broodstock and seeds
Y MMAF currently has a collaboration with the Hawaii Ocean Institute to develop sustainable brood stock and seed under ADB Project. In addition, MMAF also has a regulation regarding the entry and exit of fish seeds as the part of implementing the Good Fish Handling Practices
55 Level of the country’s implementation of
aquatic biosecurity measures 4 MMAF has developed National Strategy on Aquatic Animal Health in 2015 and FAO Project Improving Biosecurity Governance and Legal Framework For Efficient and Sustainable Aquaculture Production GCP/GLO/979/NOR. Furthermore, currently MMAF are in the process of developing biosecurity management related to fish disease prevention. One of them is through the FAO project.
56 Level of the country’s implementation of policies that complement and support fish farmers, hatchery operators, and other stakeholders
4 MMAF has released the 2020
Performance Report of the Directorate General of Aquaculture
57 Level of the country’s implementation of good and appropriate employment practices in accordance with domestic laws and regulations or relevant international instruments
4 MMAF always following and coordinating with the Ministry of Manpower Republic of Indonesia especially about the newest regulation regarding The Job Creation Act:
Number 11 of 2020.