Proceedings of the Regional Symposium on High-Value Vegetables in Southeast Asia: Production, Supply and Demand (SEAVEG January 2012, Chiang Mai, Thailand. Limitations and Prospects of Low-Cost Drip Irrigation Technology for Smallholder Vegetable Farming in Southeast Asia.
The Nourished Millennium: How vegetables put global goals for healthy, balanced diets within
The available data show a wide diversity, both in terms of the range of nutrients in the fruit and quantity of those nutrients, as with the exotic fruits (Table 3). There are currently almost 60,000 vegetable accessions in AVRDC - The World Vegetable Center's genebank and of these approximately 12,000 accessions of around 200 species of indigenous vegetables.
Growing role of vegetables in food security and nutrition in Asia
China was the top in the world in the production of vegetables, followed by a distant second India (Table 3). Appropriate interventions should be designed to improve market efficiency that stimulate incentives for increasing the production of vegetables.
Breeding of leafy amaranth for adaptation to climate change
One line and five cultivars were screened for white rust resistance in the grow room Red', 'Deep Red', 'Yellow Leaf', 'Tainung No. 1' showed a lower white rust disease prevalence and disease severity than the local cultivar 'Yellow' Leaf' (Table 2).
Pepper (Capsicum spp.) germplasm
Thirty fifty-seven pepper germplasm accessions were tested for resistance to the Malaysian fruit fly (Bactrocera latifrons). Highly resistant stocks of pepper germplasm to root knot nematode were found 11 accessions and highly resistant accessions were 13 accessions.
Breeding for disease resistance of melon in Taiwan
The leaf disc test is feasible for use in a powdery mildew resistant melon breeding program in Taiwan (Huang et al. 2002). In: Belanger RR, Bushnell WR, Dik AJ, Carver LW (eds) The Powdery Mildews, a comprehensive discussion.
Genetic improvement of adopted okra cultivars for YVMV disease resistance involving wild
Okra, originally included in the genus Hibiscus, section Abelmoschus, is currently accepted as a separate genus based on the cadiucaus nature of the calyx. These are conflicting reports with no definitive conclusion on the nature of resistance to yellow vein mosaic virus disease in okra, which may be due to the complexity of the disease and more so to obtaining a suitable environment for the establishment of the vector, the whitefly .
Adaptability and horticultural characterization of Moringa accessions under Central Philippines
Gram for gram Moringa leaves contain 7 times the vitamin C of oranges, 4 times the calcium of milk, 4 times the vitamin A of carrots, 2 times the protein of milk/yogurt and 3 times the potassium of bananas (Fuglie 2001 from http:// deepfitness.com/3244/Moringa-Leaf-Powder—The-Worlds-Greatest-.UnknownSupplement.aspx; Fuglie 1999). Research conducted at AVRDC – The World Vegetable Center revealed that the four Moringa species (M. oleifera, M. peregrina, M. stenopetala and M. drouhardii) studied contain high amounts of antioxidants and nutrients, high antioxidant activity and low oxalate content. There are several Moringa accessions in the germplasm bank AVRDC – The World Vegetable Center in Shanhua, Taiwan.
FAO at work: Case studies of vegetable integrated pest management and farmer
Asian smallholder vegetable farmers as IPM experts Experiences from the FAO Regional IPM Programme. Reducing the incidence of pesticide poisoning by educating farmers on integrated pest management in southern India. Integrated pest management of eggplant for eggplant and shoot borer (Leucinodes orbonalis) in South and Southeast Asia: past, present and future.
Towards developing a sustainable management strategy for legume pod borer, Maruca vitrata on
Identification of female sex pheromone from the pod borer, Maruca vitrata and antagonistic effects of geometric isomers. Re-examination of the female sex pheromone of the pod borer, Maruca vitrata (Lepidoptera: Crambidae). Parasitoids of the bean pod borer, Maruca vitrata F. Lepidoptera: Pyraustinae), a pest of Vigna sesquipedalis in the Philippine lowlands.
Area-wide promotion and adoption of fruit fly IPM: innovative experiences of curriculum
Background preparation: After the official approval of the project, a regional inception and planning workshop was organized in Bangkok from September 1 to 3, 2010. A short training (7-10 days) for trainers (TOT) was organized in each of the participating countries. Equip IPM trainers with basic fruit fly information (life cycle, ecology, biology, management, monitoring, etc.). Farmer Participation: Farmers participated enthusiastically in this FFS and learned about the life cycle, ecology, biology and also practiced management strategies as part of the 1-2-3 management of FF (Figs 1 and 2).
Emergence of begomoviruses: a major threat to vegetable production in Southeast Asia
Tomato leaf curl New Delhi (ToLCNDV) is the most widespread begomovirus infecting tomato crops in Bangladesh, India and Pakistan (Table 2). For example, Chilli leaf curl virus (ChiLCV), Tomato leaf curl Gujarat virus (ToLCGV) and ToLCNDV are bipartite begomoviruses, while Tomato leaf curl Bangalore virus (ToLCBV), Tomato leaf curl Virus Joydebpur (ToLCJoV) and Tomato leaf curl Karnataka virus are (ToLCKV) ) are monopartite begomoviruses. Tomato leaf curl Guangxi virus (ToLCGxV), a recombinant monopartite WTG containing sequences from Ageratum yellow vein virus, Euphorbia leaf curl virus and Tomato leaf curl China virus (ToLCCNV), has emerged as a serious problem in Guangxi Province, China (Xu and Zhou 2007). ).
Toxicity of insecticides on diamondback moth from three areas in Thailand
Clear differences in susceptibility or resistance factor to most insecticides were also detected in the diamondback moth from the Sai Noi population in 2011. Our data showed that resistance to insecticides in the diamondback moth from important vegetable growing areas in Thailand has increased. Regular monitoring of diamondback moth resistance from important vegetable growing areas in Thailand is critical for the sustainable use of insecticides for control.
Control of root gall disease in chili caused by root-knot nematodes
In 2007, about 3,000 chili plants grown in Ubon Ratchathani province were severely damaged by root gall disease caused by root nematodes (Meloidogyne incognita). Chilli cultivation technologies in the test plot were the same as in the control plot, except for root nematode control techniques. Chili root gall disease caused by root gall nematodes (Meloidogyne incognita) could be effectively controlled by burning the seedling bed with rice husks 8 hours before sowing and planting hemp (Crotalaria juncea) as a green manure, then plowing and letting, to decompose 2 weeks before planting the chillies.
The control of tomato root knot nematode by Jeevatu based organic liquid manure
Diluted decoction washing of Jeevatu based liquid organic manure was started 10 days after transplanting of seedlings. Two months later in July, after transplanting seedlings, root-knot nematode infection was detected in the control plot (T-3) and 3 months later in the formaldehyde-treated plot (T-1). As in other crops, the use of Jeevatu-based liquid organic manure played a vital role in controlling root-knot nematode in tomato.
Comparison of cultivation systems for Asian leafy vegetables and herbs in greenhouse
In this experiment, water spinach fresh matter in aeroponics was significantly lower compared to substrate culture for clone 216 – the most productive of all clones in all crops (Fig. 1), although there were significant differences between crops. Nitrate content of three clones of Ipomoea aquatica grown in aeroponics and in substrate culture (Kruskall-Wallis test α ≤ 5. The Mg content in water spinach grown in aeroponics was significantly higher than in substrate culture.
Onion production: Challenges and ways to meet out the demand of the country
The details of area, production and productivity of onion in different countries of the world during the year 2009 are given in table 1 and state wise area, production and productivity of onion in India during the year 2010-11 are given in table 2. There exist thus a surplus of 9.68 lakh MT, even though prices sometimes rise due to crop schedule disruptions and more losses in stocks, the gap, if any, needs to be bridged based on defining medium and long term strategies to ensure availability of onions all year round in the country. There has been a significant increase in onion research infrastructure and development programs in the recent past, which has helped increase production, productivity and availability in the country.
Low pressure drip irrigation for commercial vegetables in Myanmar
Flow rates were determined before each test by direct measurement at the end of the main pipe. As a result of the performance testing conducted in the spring of 2010, significant system component changes have been made for the 2010-2011 dry season. We think this happened because of the wide bottoms and the high currents.
Assessing technology and socioeconomic constraints and prospects of low-cost drip
The ready availability of low-cost drip kits is also important in several other countries in Asia. In the case of the Philippines, if there was a local manufacturer, the low-cost drip kits would be distributed to a large number of farmers. In addition to the dissemination of low-cost drip kits, issues of crop production also need to be addressed.
Effect of organic matter application and
Lettuce yield in treatments HM40 (LT10-12) was significantly higher than HM0 (LT2-4) in the second season. In the first crop year (first to third cropping season), the increase in SOC of the CLB treatments (LT3, 7 and 11) was higher than the CLF treatments (LT2, 6 and 10) (or the decrease in SOC was lower) (Table 8). The application of horse manure fertilizer in the same amount showed the advantage for lettuce yield.
Demonstration of the scope and feasibility of organic farming in vegetable crops – an
The nutrient composition of different organic fertilizers used in the organic farming demonstration is shown in Table 1. It can be seen that the impact of organic farming systems on pH, EC, OC and nutrient status was substantial. Organic farming improved these parameters by indirectly increasing soil physical and chemical properties (Table 2). Unlike conventional and chemical farming systems, organic farming brings the pH of the soil towards the neutral limit, and at such a neutral pH most of the soil's nutrients will be available to plants.
Performance of vegetable soybean cultivars under organic crop management system
Carter and Shanmugasundaram (1993) compiled a list of vegetable soybean cultivars grown in Japan and Taiwan. The experimental treatments were the four vegetable soybean cultivars (Cha-name, KS 6, KS 9 and TNAV 2). This result suggests that for the production of organic vegetable soybeans, the cultivar Cha-mame has great growth potential in Southeast Asia.
Studies on evaluation for adoption of high value cole crops in the plains of West Bengal
The experimental site design for Red Cabbage was a Randomized Block Design replicated five times. The higher head weight may be due to the resulting higher head diameter of the respective varieties. The results given in Table 1 reflected significant differences in sprout weight of different varieties.
Production of high value vegetables in the
In the case of flowers, it is noted that CostA1 is highest in Aster and lowest in Cock's Comb. In the case of flowers, the costs D are highest with Aster and lowest with Cockscomb. It is noted that the costs A1 are highest for Aster Pea and lowest for Rooster's comb tomato.