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Aileen V. Lapitan and Florencia G. Palis Farmers’ Perception on the Health and Environmental Benefits

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BELLO Dean and Associate Professor College of Public Affairs and Development University of the Philippines Los Baños, Philippines. Assistant Professor, Department of Social Development Services College of Human Ecology, University of the Philippines Los Baños. Associate Professor, Institute of Human Nutrition and College of Food of Human Ecology, University of the Philippines Los Baños.

2Professor, College of Public Affairs and Development, University of the Philippines Los Baños (UPLB); Direktør, Human Resource Development Office, UPLB, Laguna, Filippinerne.

Toward Building Collaborative Capacity

Specifically, it analyzed the perceived strength of the collaborative capacity of the Makati Social Welfare and Development-Extension Office (MSWD-EO) in the areas of accountability, outcomes, delivery and adaptation, and suggested mechanisms by which service delivery can be scaled up to ensure sustainability. Collaborate and the United Nations Development Programme's Collaborative Capacity Framework was adopted to examine key areas of public service delivery where collaboration could be strengthened to ensure better results. Perceived strength was measured by calculating the mean scores of the respondents' numerical rating for each statement.

The perceived strength of MSWD-EO's collaborative capacity was "strong" across key areas of service delivery.

Assessment of Service Delivery in Makati Homeville, Laguna, Philippines

The perceived strength of MSWD-EO's collaborative capacity in service delivery was analyzed particularly in the areas of accountability, outcomes, delivery and alignment. The long delay in area electrification, he said, was due to the negligence of Twin Leaf Group Inc., the project's contractor allegedly owned by former Makati Vice Mayor Ernesto Mercado. Similar to “outcomes”, respondents believed that MSWD-EO demonstrated “strong” (3.71) collaborative capacity in innovative ways of working with service partners across sectors.

The study primarily sought to assess service delivery in Makati Homerville with a focus on the collaborative capacity of the MSWD-EO.

Community Capitals Management for Household Well-being: Case Studies

The majority of respondents in Nongtakhem (91%) and Somboon (92%) incurred an average debt per household of 62,845 Baht and 159,300 Baht respectively from the Bank of Agriculture and Agricultural Cooperatives (BAAC). Almost all (97%) of the households in Nongtakhem claimed that the adequate economy strategy enabled them to increase their household income. In Somboon, the majority (78%) of the households agreed that the secondary occupation strategy helped to reduce their household debt.

As Table 10 shows, the majority (89%) of households in Nongtakhem reported that household accounting strategy helped reduce household expenses.

Watershed-based Water Governance

Role of Actors in Santa Cruz Watershed, Laguna, Philippines

Emerging concepts such as integrated water management (Global Water Partnership Technical Advisory Committee, 2000) and river basin management (Allee, 1986) are examples of governance transformation. From an ecosystem perspective, outcomes can be described in terms of the pattern of currents and water levels in the catchment area and downstream. The previously discussed framework was used to understand water management within the Santa Cruz Watershed, Laguna, Philippines from upstream to downstream - from the perspective of the state and non-state actors.

Agriculture was the main land use (about 75 percent of SCW) and the residents' source of income. The council served as the voice of the community at the highest levels of government decision-making. The NIA also sought the assistance of the Banilad Farmers Association, a non-state actor, in managing the Sta.

In addition, water was wasted due to improper maintenance, which further reduced the water supply in the outer edges of the distribution system. Downstream areas are well placed to take advantage of the gravity flow of water from the abundant sources upstream. Inappropriate water prices or taxes can lead to overuse and unfair distribution of Santa Cruz's water resources.

The NIA also requested the help of non-state actors in the direction of Sta. The downstream areas have benefited from the gravity flow of water from abundant sources upstream.

Rabies-related Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices of Dog Owners from

Three Barangays in Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines

The Department of Health's (DOH) National Rabies Prevention and Control Program envisions the Philippines to be rabies-free by 2020. Because the study focused only on these three barangays, the findings are not conclusive on the knowledge, attitude, and practices of to all dog owners in Los Baños. Before conducting the survey, the questionnaire was pre-tested to ensure that potential respondents would do so.

The sociodemographic characteristics of the 418 dog owners who participated in the study are summarized in Tables 1 and 2. Most of the respondents did not indicate overeating and drinking as symptoms of rabies, suggesting that the majority of dog owners were aware that these were not are symptoms of rabies. In addition, dogs are the most popular rabies reservoir among the choices, with the majority of respondents (87%) correctly identifying the animal.

In addition, the sham question was answered correctly by the majority (84%) of respondents who indicated that they knew that snakes do not transmit rabies. However, less than half (41%) of respondents said that keeping pets indoors helped prevent the transmission of rabies. To the researchers' knowledge, this is the first study to look at the knowledge, attitudes and practices of Los Baños dog owners towards rabies.

In addition, the low prevalence of the practice can be attributed to the fact that only a moderate percentage of dog owners had heard of it. Good knowledge of the dynamics of rabies, a positive attitude towards rabies prevention and proper care of pets by community members will help the municipality of Los Baños to strengthen the Anti-Rabies Act of 2007.

Embeddedness and Policy Attitudes

An Exploratory Study Involving a Social Network of Mayors in Bohol, Philippines

LAPITAN 1* and FLORENCIA G. PALIS 2

As in the case of UK local authorities, neighbor influence can explain policy transfer (Wolman & Page, 2002). Second, it directed inquiry into the role of social influence in the policy transfer process. In the simplest sense, embeddedness in this study referred to a mayor's position in a social network brought about by repeated interactions with other mayors.

Prestige offers an actor the opportunity to exert social influence on co-actors in the network. A mayor's degree of centrality corresponds to the number of direct ties to other mayors in the province. Proximity centrality is measured in terms of the inverse of the total distance from all other actors in the network, standardized in the same way as degree centrality. iii).

Mediator concentration is based on the importance of an individual (or a node) in terms of the connectivity of other actors in the network. Network prestige is closely related to the concept of power, which is essentially relational and the consequence of relationships (Hanneman & Riddle, 2005). At the time of the study, only about 20 percent of municipalities in the Philippines have formed LTCs in accordance with OAA guidelines (Department of Agriculture, 2012).

A comparable measure of degree centrality is closeness centrality, the use of which can facilitate the interpretation of embeddedness in terms of the dependence on other peers to reach others in the network. On the other hand, direct ties were also closely associated with opportunities to play bridging functions in the network.

Farmers’ Perception on the Health and Environmental Benefits of Organic

Implications for Further Policy Research

Institutional Evolution of the Organic Agriculture Technology Organic agriculture in the Philippines is a product of combined efforts of the private sector and the government. Based in Negros Occidental, Philippines, NICERT is one of the only two third-party certification bodies in the country. The Philippine government should invest in various support services to fully internalize the benefits of the organic agriculture program.

The study included four provinces of the Philippines with major rice production areas and observed early adopters of organic farming (OA). The study found that 60 percent of the rice farmers involved in the study had no disease of any kind. The primary goal of organic rice farming is to bring about change in the quality of the soil.

Perceptions of Organic and Conventional Rice Farmers on the Effects of Organic Rice Farming on Water Quality, Farmer Survey Results, Philippines, 2013. Health and environmental benefits of organic rice farming continue to be an interesting area of ​​study in the Philippines. One of the motivating factors in transitioning to osteoarthritis is the perceived health and environmental benefits.

The expertise of water quality specialist, soil experts and biodiversity experts to come up with the technical coefficients is needed in the valuation of the benefits of organic farming in developing countries. The development and agricultural paradigms transformed: Reflections from the small-scale organic rice fields of the Philippines.

Persistence of Poverty among the Badjaos of Bongao, Tawi-Tawi, ARMM, Philippines

An examination of the conditions of the Badjaos can provide profound insights into the dimensions of chronic poverty. Details of the transcripts are reflected in the quoted statements in the results and discussions. First, there is no clear count of the Badjao population as they are highly mobile.

Second, due to the lack of rights and very low income, the Badjas find it difficult to meet the requirements of the program, such as opening a bank account. The requirements make it impossible for the Badjas to take advantage of government programs. In particular, only about a third (38%) of respondents were able to participate in projects offered by various institutions.

Low educational background, lack of skills and low aspirations Most respondents were either illiterate or unable to complete primary school. The summary shows the bad conditions of Badjao as reflected in the main articles researched in the study. The study thus provides a graphic picture of the deprivation suffered by one of the poorest communities in the Philippines.

The documentation of these conditions reveals the urgency to develop interventions that specifically meet the needs of the Badjaos. For inclusion in the JPAD, the article must receive the approval of at least two of the three reviewers.

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