The establishment of the South East Asian Fisheries Development Center (SEAFDEC) in 1967 was primarily appreciated in the vital need to promote the development of fisheries in order to increase food supply and improve nutritional standards by increasing the supply of animal protein (fish) in the Southeast Asian region. . Note: The total fishery production of Southeast Asian countries from marine fisheries in 2012 was MT.
This includes activities aimed at preventing the export of IUU fishery products from the Southeast Asian region (Latun et al., 2013) and promoting the sustainable development of fisheries in the region, which includes the promotion of countermeasures implemented by SEAFDEC was developed to combat IUU fishing in Southeast Asia (Kawamura and Siriraksophon, 2014). Sustainable fisheries development through collaborative strategies for long-term food security: The ASEAN-SEAFDEC conference on sustainable fisheries for food security beyond 2020.
About the Authors
In order to pursue sustainable development of the natural resources for rural development, efforts have been made to harmonize the use of the resources with their conservation. Based on the holistic data and information, a new rural development concept known as 'Area-Capability' would be established, demonstrating how the health of the ecosystem can be harmonized with the well-being of the people.
Balancing Fishery Resource Utilization and Conservation for Environmental Sustainability and Socio-economic
Thus, a collaboration was established by RIHN with the Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center (SEAFDEC), as well as the Eastern Marine Fisheries Research and Development Center (EMDEC) of the Department of Fisheries of Thailand, Faculty of Fisheries of Kasetsart University in Thailand. , University of the Philippines in the Visayas, Aklan State University in the Central-Western Philippines and other related institutions/organizations to carry out the said project. Adopting the "holistic approach" to gain a thorough understanding of how people use coastal resources against the backdrop of so-called conservation, the project aims to establish rational and practical measures for social and ecological sustainability.
Development of the Area-Capability Concept
Furthermore, cultivating the interest and understanding of resource users for the importance of ecosystem health is another important aspect necessary for the development of the AC concept. Therefore, the ways and means to effectively monitor the status of resources are necessary for the development of the AC concept. Collaboration between society, researchers and government is thus another fundamental condition necessary for the development of the AC concept (Fig. 2).
From 2006, fishing groups were able to gain full independence in the operation and management of the setnet fishery and in the sale of their catch (Munprasit, 2010). If the set net could take over the function of preserving the ecosystem, the AC cycle of set net fishing would be completed as shown in figure. South East Asia.
Assessing the Status of Tuna Resources
The Sulu and Sulawesi Sea (SSS) covers a total area of about 900,000 km2 and comprises an important large marine ecosystem in the tropical seas of Southeast Asia in terms of biological diversity. These tuna species are economically important to many Southeast Asian countries, not only for domestic consumption but also for export, making it imperative to assess the status and trend of tuna resources in SSS for sustainable management and development of the resources. In an effort to address the above concerns, the countries participating in the Joint Program for the Study of Tuna Research in the Sulu and Sulawesi Seas agreed to implement a three-year plan of activities in the SSS through the M.V.
The Joint Program on Tuna Research Survey in Sulu and Sulawesi Seas
In particular, the focus of the joint program would be on the use of FADs in the SSS, the status and trend of tuna stocks and the estimated maximum sustainable yield of the target tuna species, and the spawning and nursery grounds of tuna stocks. The main fishing gears used for tuna fishing in the Philippines are purse seines, ring nets, and handline tuna catches near FADs. In addition, a number of research activities were planned for future work on tuna in the Philippines, i.e.
Results and Discussion
In addition, sub-regional meetings and technical consultations will be convened to discuss the results of the Joint Program navigation surveys. To assist the participating countries in the process of selecting the appropriate methodology for the analysis, as well as in analyzing all the data collected from the cruise surveys, the JTF provided technical support for the dispatch of an international expert for the tuna stock assessment. Deep-sea exploratory trap fishing operations were conducted on the continental slopes and seamounts in the waters off Bataan and Batangas, and the approaches to Manila Bay, both in the provinces of Zambales and Ilocos, and Polillo Island, in the Philippines from 2011 to 2013. Philippine Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR) project on optimal utilization of fishery resources in the exclusive economic zone (EEZ) of the Philippines.
Viability of Traps for Efficient Utilization of Deep-sea Shrimp Resources in Philippine Waters
The experimental trap fishing operations examined the efficiency of different trap designs, fishing depths and fishing grounds for capturing deep-sea shrimp through experimental fishing operations at sixteen (16) trap stations with depths ranging from 69 to 800 meters. The findings, including catch rates, species composition and size, variation in catches by trap design, fishing depth and fishing ground, could serve as a basis for recommending the most suitable trap designs and fishing depths for deep-sea trapping Pandalid shrimp and to formulate management plan for deep-sea fisheries, taking into account the need to ensure that the ecosystem is not adversely affected during deep-sea fisheries.
Exploratory Trap Fishing Operations by BFAR
The results also showed that trap variations in terms of design, location and depth of fishing grounds affected the catch of Pandalid shrimp. In addition, the trap also holds a lot of water inside, which causes the tube to roll and spill some of the catch during the retrieve. The catch was also observed to vary with the depth of the fishing ground.
Conclusion and Way Forward
Meanwhile, for the uncovered trap, the smell of bait comes from the entire trap, which reduces the chance of the shrimp being attracted to the funnel entrance. Ramiscal are researchers from the Philippine Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR) assigned aboard the M.V. The total catch of purse seiners with LED lights was significantly greater than the control, i.e.
Benefits of Using LED Light for Purse Seine Fisheries
Thus, a case study was carried out in the Province, and the initial results showed that the LED light achieved significant advantages in fishing. Although the power of the LED light used on the experimental vessel was relatively lower than that of the control vessel (3 vs. 12 kilowatts), the illuminance and usable light surfaces increased by approximately 1.4 and 2.3 times, respectively. . The use of LED lights for seine fishing is therefore considered effective and cost-effective, especially in seine fishing.
A Case Study in Ninh Thuan Province, Viet Nam
The application of recent fishing technologies, such as the use of LED light in fishing, can help reduce costs while increasing fishing efficiency, and can benefit the fishermen economically. Matsushita (2012) reported that the use of LED light in squid jigging boats saved fishermen about 46% in fuel, compared to halogen and metal halide lamps. Therefore, using a suitable frequency of LED light can increase fish catch by 15% and save about 65% on fuel compared to neon lights and metal halide lights (Fang, 2011).
The Case Study
The illuminated areas following the horizontal direction of the vessels, in the LED light and control vessels were 65 m and 45 m, respectively. The results showed that LED light could illuminate at greater depths than fluorescent and metal-halide lamps. Of the three experimental fishing trips conducted, the total catch of the vessel equipped with LED light was approximately 1.2 times higher than that of the control vessel (Fig. 5).
In addition, purse seine vessels with LED lights saved 77% of fuel consumption compared to the control vessel, while the total catch of the vessel with LED lights increased by 12.23%. The species caught by the purse seine vessels using LED lights were identical to those caught by the control vessel and included scads, skipjack tuna, Indian mackerel, bighead scabbard, squid and other species that were not identified. Annual Report of the Department of Capture Fisheries and Resources Protection of Ninh Thuan Province, Vietnam (Vietnamese); 23 pages
Rural Coastal People are at Risk of Seawater Inundation in the Future: A Case Study in Chanthaburi Province, Thailand
Based on the A1B scenario, by 2045, 65% of the total area of Bangkachai sub-district will be underwater, while sea level will envelop 44% of the land area in Paknamlaemsing sub-district. During the first 45 years of this century, the number of affected people in Bangkachai sub-district will be higher than that in Paknamlaemsing sub-district. Meanwhile, 1,384 individuals in Paknamlaemsing sub-district (16% of the total population) will experience seawater flooding during the same period, or about 31 individuals per year.
Conclusion, Recommendations and Lessons Learned
During this period, the total sea level that was simulated based on the A1B scenario will engulf many community areas and affect about 1,497 individuals in Bangkachai sub-district or about 37% of its total population. Bangkachai Sub-district will mostly bear the risk of the potential effects of sea level changes based on both measurement factors, with about 12,787,91 rais will be submerged by 2045, affecting about 1497 individuals. As suggested from the results of the analysis, the impacts of sea level changes considering the A1B scenario would be slightly higher than the B2 scenario.
The results therefore indicate that the entire study area is susceptible to seawater inundation. Based on the lessons learned from the case study, the application of simple tools and techniques to assess sea level impacts as well as sophisticated scientific techniques, modeling tools and appropriate techniques could provide insight into developing prioritized options as means of mitigating the impacts of sea level change.
CALENDAR OF EVENTS
SEAFDEC is an independent intergovernmental body established as a regional treaty organization in 1967 to promote sustainable fisheries development in Southeast Asia. To develop and manage the fisheries potential of the region by rational utilization of the resources to provide food safety and security to the population and alleviate poverty through the transfer of new technology, research and information dissemination activities. To improve the fisheries sector's ability to address new international issues and for greater access to international trade.