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Hidden Costs HardandHeart Data Patok, Padyak, Pila


Academic year: 2023

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This special issue of the CSWCD Development Journal is an initiative of the Department of Women's and Development Studies. Its multiplier effects will certainly have a major positive impact on the economy of the Philippines.”

Hard and Heart Data

A Counselor-Mother's Perspective on Family Violence Prevention

Salvacion Baaco-Pascual

Help support victims and survivors of domestic violence by sharing your resources and skills. Breaking the Silence: The Realities of Domestic Violence in the Philippines and Recommendations for Change.

Urban Poor Women Speak Out on Transportation Issues

Roselle Leah K. Rivera

Transport Glossary

This special rate is calculated because the tricycle would already be leaving for one passenger's destination and would not wait for the public transport vehicle to be full with five or more passengers. More often than not, drivers charge this special fare arbitrarily, making it usually a source of irritation and complaint among public transit commuters. Fx (literally: a five-door commercial vehicle model manufactured by a particular company). This term is generally used to refer to a taxi or a form of public transportation that can accommodate ten passengers in an air-conditioned vehicle.

Unlike the jeepney which has only one exit for the majority of the passengers, the FX has four doors where passengers can enter or exit.

Bonanza Community

One woman wakes up in the wee hours of the morning (2 a.m.) so she doesn't get caught in traffic. Unwelcome physical contact due to physical proximity and malicious touching of sensitive body parts of the female commuters are experiences cited in the FGD. The female participants in the FGD said there are areas where you can see organized lines of commuters taking the jeepneys.

Many of the women grew up not learning how to use a bicycle and almost all of the participants in the discussion had never had the experience of using a bicycle. She would then prepare food for her husband and two other children who go to school in the afternoon. In the afternoon, Doy repeats her "morning ritual" for her children who attend the afternoon school session.

During her free time from school, she helped in the family laundry as well as in the family's small business. When sales opportunities are few, he would stop playing chess with the men in the community.

Victory Hills Community 1 Situationer: Women and transport

There are no regular forms of public transportation available to take people to and from the community. Water used for washing clothes and rainwater flow into residents' homes due to the lack of canals and drainage systems. The cost of the jeepney fare is also arbitrary when it comes to passengers with bags and heavy loads.

One of the few changes is the improvement of the main road which resulted in a smooth ride to the community. Most of the time in the discussion was spent sharing negative experiences on public transport modes and problems experienced by women in the community. Women in the Victory Hills community believe that the safety and interests of passengers, especially young children, are not at all on the minds of many drivers.

This breeds overtaxing and dishonesty on the part of the drivers and dismay and annoyance on the part of the public commuters. In the afternoon, Lita attends meetings of the community organization to discuss land ownership issues of the residents of Victory Hills.

Concluding Notes

The roads in the two low-income communities are unpaved and lack adequate drainage (4.8,5.1) On the surface, this appears to be a major mobility problem. Women in the two urban poor communities are dependent on walking and riding on public transport, particularly jeepneys, tricycles and non-motorised pedicabs. Since their communities are not on regular public transport jeepney routes, women are burdened with having to pay expensive fares to tricycles that charge irregular amounts for rides to and from the women's homes.

Even if these concerns have become commonplace in the lives of public migrants in the Philippines, this research has managed to document them in detail from the eyes of ordinary public drivers who yearn for action to change this plight. How can we involve user groups from the marginalized sector, especially women in the communities, in the planning process. How to open a space for the articulation of public interest and mobility needs of the poor and women, who are more often not represented in political processes.

This would mean involving representatives of women's organisations, public transport commuters and including pedestrian voices in the planning process and transport policy debates. A widely accepted axiom in the vibrant Filipino people's movement as well as in the international development community is that if plans are developed with the support of key elements of the community, then the circle of such plans will be widened and the likelihood of their implementation not only enhanced, but made more meaningful.

A No-Teacher, No-Text, No-Syllabus Class?

A Reflection Paper on WD 225

Seminar on Gender, Culture and Ideology)

Regina M. Capuno

But, even though my brain went into overdrive as it processed all of the above reactions, I externally kept my balance. Because of the focus and directions the class discussions took, this class takes the cake in terms of eliciting a whole range of emotional responses. Considering the objectives of the course as well as the topic, I think that the method is not only appropriate but also the most innovative.

Of course, given the general framework of the course, the lectures should still not be compulsory, but those who wished could have been directed to a selection of materials to aid in the discussions. Has the flexible and negotiable nature of the structure made us complacent and caused a lack of discipline in our learning goals? My experience in this classroom has somehow led me to appreciate the importance of learning in an atmosphere devoid of the competitiveness that characterizes the usual classroom environment.

The 1906 struggle of the women vendors of Divisoria against the city council ordinance that increased market stall rentals involved street marches, indoor forums, meetings with officials, including the US governor general. Narcisa herself would be arrested and charged with being one of the leaders of the general strike.


Ang Partisipasyon ng Kababaihang Anak-Pawis sa Dalawang Pakikibaka

Judy M. Taguiwalo lntroduksyon

Ang Pag-aaklas ng mga Tindera ng Divisoria

Noong 1903 census, malaking bilang ng kababaihan sa Maynila ang nabibilang sa kategorya ng mga mangangalakal ("mga mangangalakal"). Ang mga nagbebenta ay nagsagawa ng iba't ibang uri ng mga aksyon upang labanan ang patakarang ito. Ayon kay Velasco, isusubasta ang mga lugar sa Divisoria na hindi palaging abala, habang hindi naman isusubasta ang mga lugar na inookupahan ng mga nagbebenta.

Ang matinding pagtutol ng mga nagbebenta sa mga plano ng Junta Municipal na magtaas ng taripa ay dahil mangangahulugan ito ng pagtaas ng higit sa 100% sa kanilang kasalukuyang inuupahang espasyo. Ngunit noong Disyembre 10, 1907, muling sumiklab ang protesta ng mga tindero ng Divisoria, marahil ay dahil sa napipintong pagpapatupad ng bagong buwis. Nagtayo ang Gobernador Heneral ng isang komite upang siyasatin ang mga hinaing ng mga mamamayan ng Divisoria at ihatid ang kanilang desisyon noong Enero 15, 1907.

Wala nang balita sa kinalabasan ng protesta ng mga residente ng Divisoria sa susunod na taon. Ngunit may sapat na impormasyon sa sunud-sunod na ulat ng Muling Pagsilang noong 1906 upang maipinta ang kahandaang kumilos ng mga mangangalakal.


Nagdaos din ng mga pulong masa ang mga manggagawa sa iba't ibang pamilihan sa Maynila. Hindi natuloy ang plano ni Pike. manggagawa sa Philippine Manufacturing Co., sa La Grandeza at La Dicha. Dahil sa patuloy na pagmamatigas ng MTA, naglabas ng mga pahayag ang mga manggagawa para bigyang-diin ang pagiging patas ng kanilang kahilingan para sa pagtaas ng sahod.

Matapos ang isang pulong sa Department of Labor noong Setyembre 1, inihayag ng pangulo ng MTA ang pagtaas ng sahod ng mga manggagawa mula 5% hanggang 10%. Bumuo si Murphy ng "fact-finding board" upang imbestigahan ang mga claim ng mga manggagawa sa pabrika ng tabako at sigarilyo. Ang Masaker sa mga Manggagawa noong Setyembre 17, 1934 Nagsimula ang araw sa isang pulong ng humigit-kumulang 1,000 manggagawa sa Mehan Garden.

Ang determinasyon ng mga babaeng welgista ay kinumpirma ng ulat ng mga opisyal sa Maynila na naglibot sa mga lugar ng welga upang makapanayam ang mga manggagawa. Ang mga kababaihan ay bahagi rin ng mga delegasyon ng mga pinuno ng paggawa na nakipagpulong kay Gobernador Heneral Frank Murphy noong Setyembre 10 at Setyembre 12, 1934.


Kuwento ng Isang Asawa, Manggagawa at Ina

Naaalala ko pa ang mga kwento ng nanay ko noong panahon ng Hapon kung gaano karaming tao ang nagtatago sa ilalim ng lupa. Sa puntong ito ng kanyang buhay, ang kanyang mga kapatid at magulang na naging tagapag-alaga ng mga bata ay nagbigay sa kanya ng maraming tulong. Maging ang mga ganitong uri ng trabaho na ibinibigay sa mas maraming kababaihan ay kadalasang may masamang epekto sa kanilang moral, emosyonal at pisikal na personalidad.

Dahil nandoon na ang mga kapatid ko (US Tobacco), doon na sila nag-apply. Ang mga salita ko lang ang madali para sa kanya, walang makain ang mga anak ko, kaya kailangan kong magtrabaho. Tapos kinausap niya ako, tapos sabi ko walang makain ang mga anak ko.

Baka masalamin pa sa kwento ni Marni ang guilt na nadama niya noong panahong kailangan niyang maghanapbuhay at hindi kasama ang kanyang mga anak. Maganda ang ugali ng mga anak ko, malalaki na ang mga apo ko at nakita ko na sila.

About the Authors

Mga Sanggunian


Kung magpapatuloy ang ganitong kinagawian ng mga kabataan, ayon na rin sa kanya, ay lalong darami ang problema sa desempleo THE REPUBLIC Isang Bansa, Isang Diwa Board of Editors