In 1960, the Philippine government requested the IAEA to conduct a study of the prospects for nuclear power in the Philippines, esp. Existing anti-bases and human rights groups later joined the BNP oppositions' cause. 7 Letter from the Association of Major Religious Superiors of Men and Women to the President, June.
BNP is located at Napot Point in the southern part of the municipality of Morong, Bataan. The IAEA and the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) have also received copies of documents to assist PAEC in its safety review of the plant. Opposition representatives claimed that the uranium reserves, which are said to be mined in the country, are not sufficient to operate the nuclear power plant during its technical lifetime.
Therein lies one of the more signi· . Ficant arguments in favor of nuclear energy: . it's cheap. Most of the existing resource and environmental policies of the Philippines were already legislated by the late 1970s. Specific resource and environmental policies of the previous Marcos regime in the Philippines were reviewed and assessed using certain evaluation criteria.
422 and was under the coordinating direction of the Department of Natural Resources (previously organized in 1974). In a public statement by the Minister of Natural Resources, he identified deforestation as a major factor in the impoverishment of about 500,000 families (or roughly three million Filipinos) living in the highlands (Malaya newspaper, March 13, 1986). 34; Comparative historical formations of the state apparatus and socio-economic changes in the developing world". eds.).
The natural hazard area sector is further divided into geological hazards and flood (flood-related) hazards. These, in turn, are divided into components, namely earthquakes and volcanic eruptions for geological hazards and coastal or tidal storms and river flows for flood hazards. The zones are further divided into terrestrial (land-based ecosystems) and aquatic (marine ecosystems) which are further classified into areas of coral reefs, seaweed communities and fisheries.
Once these subdivisions have been completed, a selection is made regarding the relevant sub-sectors and components for the study area. The identification of relevant data as well as their usefulness depends mainly on the functionalization of the identified sector. When the identified sector is divided into factors, several important aspects of the data are immediately taken into consideration.
It is the relevance and availability of the identified data that is required and the usefulness of the form or format of the available data. The "environment" of a given sector is defined on the basis of important indicators that comprehensively describe its quality and relevance for planning decisions. To illustrate this, the evaluation of the different environmental sectors uses a variety of indicators from environmental quality standards to the variety.
PHILIPPINE PLANNING JOURNAL of arbitrary standards set by government agencies based on certain characteristics of the environment. For example, the assessment of water quality for major rivers can be based on a comparison of land use (flow rates of organic and inorganic pollutants) or the self-purification capacity of rivers expressed as dissolved oxygen used to oxidize pollutants. the water. about 5 mg/litre of available oxygen) and the NPCC River Classification Standards for Water Quality. See Table 1 - Surface Water Quality Classification and Specifications). Physiographic indicators basically provide an idea of land quality based on prevailing topography and certain natural potentials and limitations as indicated by soil types, general terrain and existing vegetation.
As a final example, the selection of appropriate indicators, especially for potential sites for high-density urban development, may be based on an assessment of the availability of amenities and services, the proximity of existing or proposed polluting or highly polluting industries, and the extremes of natural constraints (availability of groundwater), development incentives ( proposed for planned development) and functions. Eligibility is then based on the classification of areas according to these given indicators (see Figure 4 - Framework for selecting areas suitable for settlement development). The base map is then used as a reference guide where it could be overlaid with clear copies of the thematic maps.
CRITERI A SET
The results of the overlay are replicated on the base map and later improved based on the other available data and the results of the planning evaluations. This refers to the combination of different data sets and information on maps to get a comprehensive view of the given area. The degree of accuracy of the superimposed information depends on the availability of information on maps of the same scale.
For the agricultural sector, a number of maps are available to determine actual and potential cropland suitability. If the composite land resource potential map is further overlaid with the existing land use map, the result of the overlay will provide a picture of the land resource potential relative to the prevailing or actual land use. All evaluated data and results are transformed into a uniform scale whose characteristics are defined and described in terms of their planning relevance.
Very high ratings of planning relevance are given to sectors whose resource quality is significant both within and outside the region. Planning relevance - the significance of the results for subreqlonal, regional and municipal planning activities. Pollution level - the level of degradation of resources, especially those caused by or related to uncontrolled human activities.
Scale features are defined where the highest include those that have extreme conditions. The ecological profile for the given sector, (Map 1 - Agricultural Resource Potential for example) is a scaled and properly labeled map that describes the salient features of the assessment results through the use of a five-point assessment scheme and appropriate guidelines with color. or black and white screen) for choropleth, The importance of these results in planning decisions as well as appropriate planning recommendations are also included in the relevant sections of the report. The Ecological Profile of Cavite Province began in January 1984 and was completed in May 1985 and was conducted in response to NACIAD's policy of integrating environmental considerations into the planning of lAD projects.
The units of natural resources and their boundaries were all mapped, so that the assessment of environmental quality was the result of a series of overlaps and, in some cases, the integration of other factors. Ideally, ecological profiles should form the basis for ecologically sound spatial planning, especially in the case of provinces that do not yet have a zoning plan. However, the areas in which the results can be taken into account are of sectoral importance; for example, the conservation of crucial forest and river basin areas.
3 GUIDELINES FOR EVALUATION Adapted from the Ecological Profile
PROVINCE OF CAVITE
However, there are cases when, due to the importance of evaluating a certain parameter, a detailed characterization of the database is necessary. A very prominent weakness in the current application of the methodology is the lack of properly trained experts for environmental planning at the local level. The least densely populated cities are in the central and western part of the province.
In the rest of the province, settlements are scattered, except in built-up areas. This population concentration has ensured that the average population density in the area is very high compared to the rest of the region. The size of settlements decreases inversely with distance from major transport routes.
In the case of groundwater, there is a need to determine the factors that affect availability. In recent years, the project has come under the supervision of the National Irrigation Administration (NIA). The most important factor, however, is the future outlook for overall environmental quality in the province.
The policy considerations described here will serve as the basis for the aims and objectives of the proposed framework. Evaluation based on the recommendations of the results of ecological profiles at different levels is an input into regional, provincial and municipal planning, development and decision-making. The results of discussions and decision-making processes are fed into development plans for implementation.
Firstly, it will be necessary to determine the capacity of the land, i.e. the ability of land to maintain maximum productivity for specific types of crop use. The priority classification of problems will also result from the determination of the basic goals and objectives of spatial planning implementation. Ensuring a regional ecological profile can be a sufficient basis for the formulation of long-term and short-term development plans for the conservation, exploitation and restoration of regional resources.
She holds two master's degrees, in sociology from the University of the Philippines and in regional planning from Cornell University. Her Bachelor of Arts degree in Psychology was completed at the University of the Philippines.