• Walang Nahanap Na Mga Resulta

President's Papers Volume 1


Academic year: 2023

Share "President's Papers Volume 1"


Buong text

The topic of the publication is “Perspectives on the Philippines' Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic,” which falls under our Research Focus Areas on Security Sector Reform and Inclusive Security. In the case of the COVID-19 pandemic, there is a high degree of uncertainty due to the lack of knowledge about the causes, effects, transmission rate and treatment for the newly discovered virus. Despite the country's unpreparedness to handle the pandemic, there are many good qualities and strengths of the government in its response to COVID-19.

These strengths and weaknesses of the government's response to COVID-19 should be the reference point for future response plans and programs for the COVID-19 pandemic and or similar situations in the future. This has led to a diminished level of management effectiveness and exhaustion of the health system. In light of the COVID-19 crisis, creative improvisations, initiatives and innovations are the call of the hour.

With the efforts and involvement of the entire nation, the country will be able to overcome the COVID-19 pandemic more easily and the Philippines will be able to build back better.

Figure 1. Key Components of Crisis
Figure 1. Key Components of Crisis

Country Strategies in Addressing Covid-19

Lessons for the Philippines

This chapter provides a brief survey of the country responses to the COVID-19 pandemic of four countries, namely Vietnam, Japan, South Korea and New Zealand. 1 IOM Republic of Korea, “Mobility crisis and response in the time of COVID-19: The Republic of Korea's approach,” UN International Organization for Migration, 18 May 2020, https://www.iom.int/sites/default/ . On March 31, Japan's Ministry of Health began using the app called Line to help conduct surveys related to COVID-19.

Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe on February 29 ordered the government to rapidly develop policies to deal with the impending outbreak of COVID-19. 70 “Background and Overview of Approaches to COVID-19 Pandemic Response in Aotearoa/New Zealand”, Ministry of Health, March 30, 2020, https://www.health.govt.nz/system/files/documents/publications/. 72 Dean Koh, “New Zealand Releases New COVID-19 Info App for Healthcare Professionals”, Healthcare IT News, May 28, 2020, https://www.healthcareitnews.com/news/asia-pacific/new-zealand- releases- new-covid-19-info-app-health workers.

The New Zealand Treasury is the lead government agency to ensure that the impact of COVID-19 on families and the economy is mitigated. 74 Dean Koh, “New Zealand launches new COVID-19 information app for healthcare workers,” Healthcare IT News, May 28, 2020, https://www.healthcareitnews.com/news/asia-pacific/new-zealand -releases- new-covid-19-info- app-health-workers. 76 “Economic response to COVID-19”, Treasury, https://treasury.govt.nz/information-and-services/nz-economy/covid-19-economic-response.

In light of the alarming rise in the number of positive cases of COVID-19, the government has declared a community quarantine effective March 15, which has always been in place since the end of July. However, Frontliners were granted an exemption from the lockdown regulations.87 On 3 April, the government introduced a mandatory face mask policy to prevent the further spread of COVID-19.88 Department of Health, https://www.doh.gov.ph/doh-press-release/DOH-LAUNCHES-NEW-COVID-19- TRACKER-AND-DOH-DATACOLLECT-APP.

91 “PH Launches Online COVID-19 Tracking, Emergency Preparedness System,” CNN Philippines, April 10, 2020, https://www.cnnphilippines.com/news/2020/4/10/StaySafe-Philippines-COVID-19-contact-tracing .html. 97 “Addressing the social and economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic”, National Economic and Development Agency, 19 March 2020,.

The National Response Strategy to Address the COVID-19 Pandemic

To develop strategies to address the impact of the pandemic, there is a need for systems analysis to understand the spread of the infection and manipulate its impact on society. In terms of demographics, COVID-19 caused population deaths in the National Capital Region and moved to other parts of the country. On the economic front, COVID-19 has compromised the productivity of the workforce and imposed direct and indirect costs on businesses, households, entire industries and the national economy.

The Philippine government and the world were surprised by the speed with which the disease spread. A distinction must be made between the duties of military forces, the responsibilities of local government executives and the responsibilities of health professionals. humanitarian sector. As a result, there is always that ethical question about the suitability of military personnel providing treatment to communities.

In this sense, military forces should be the "last resort" option in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. Lack of specific emergency plans for 1) stopping and/or slowing down the spread of the pandemic. The COVID-19 pandemic has made several US and French aircraft carriers ineffective and "not mission ready"6.

As was the DND policy, the operational threat assessment is the basis for future capability development of the AFP. To maintain the combat effectiveness of the AFP forces, protecting the physiological well-being of every sailor, mariner, airman and soldier is critical. The Strategic Role of the National Bureau of Investigation (NBI) in Cybercrime Prevention in Relation to the Cybersecurity Landscape of the COVID-19 Pandemic.

The Strategic Role of the National Bureau of Investigation (NBI) in the Prevention



Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the spread of fake news, internet scams, online sales of fake medicine and overpriced basic necessities have become prominent not only here in the Philippines but in many countries worldwide. Said crimes using the Internet are one of the focus areas of the National Bureau of Investigation (NBI) during this public health emergency, aside from its usual roles and functions as the elite law enforcement agency. In this regard, I will examine the impact of COVID-19 within the realm of the cyber security threat landscape in the Philippines.

The COVID-19 pandemic has created chaos and panic around the world, as well as the spread of false information about the virus, such as the government's response and cures for the disease. 6 National Economic Development Authority, "Addressing the Social and Economic Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic," accessed April 19, 2020, http://www.neda.gov.ph/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/. Additionally, the NEDA report said the response must be comprehensive due to the volatility and severity of the COVID-19 pandemic.

To protect the country from the widespread scope of the COVID-19 pandemic, on March 16, 2020, President Rodrigo Roa Duterte issued Proclamation No. The Strategic Role of the National Bureau of Investigation (NBI) in Cybercrime Prevention in relation to the Cybersecurity Landscape of the COVID-19 Pandemic. o) Perform such other functions as the President or the Secretary of Justice may assign; (emphasis supplied). The mandate of the NBI in relation to cybercrime is clearly postulated under RA 10175, also known as the “Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012”.

The Strategic Role of the National Bureau of Investigation (NBI) in the Prevention of Cybercrime in Relation to the Cybersecurity Landscape of the COVID-19 Pandemic.. f) Maintain necessary and relevant databases for statistical and/or monitoring purposes; .. g) Develop capacity within their organizations to perform such duties as are necessary for the enforcement of the Act; .. h) Support the formulation and enforcement of the national cyber security plan; and .. i) Perform other functions as required by the Act. Coordination should also be strengthened with all stakeholders, such as other law enforcement agencies, members of the IATF and local government units. Other resources must also be deployed, such as the tools that can suppress the identity of the spreaders of disinformation or fake news and hackers.

The COVID-19 Pandemic as a Threat to National Security

Challenges and Responses

As a threat to national security, the COVID-19 pandemic has profoundly affected various aspects and dimensions of Philippine security. Using PESTEM (political, economic, socio-cultural, techno-scientific, environmental, military) analysis, the various challenges posed by COVID-19 to the Philippines' national security can be identified and analyzed in order to formulate and implement strategic responses to address these challenges related to the pandemic. Taken together, these issues have contributed to increasing the government's capacity to address the COVID-19 outbreak.

One of the worst impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on Philippine national security can be found in the economic sphere, as the disease has directly threatened the livelihoods and thus the well-being of millions of Filipinos. 7 Lorela Sandoval, “Panic in the Philippines as the Nation's Healthcare Falters Amid COVID-19,” accessed May 4, 2020, https://www.insideover.com/society/panic-in-the-philippines-as-the- nations-healthcare-falters-amid-COVID-19.html. 10 United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, “Everyone Included: The Social Impact of COVID-19,” accessed 4 May 2020, https://www.un.org/development/desa/dspd/everyone-included-COVID- 19 .html.

Finally, the challenge posed to the military sector by COVID-19 stems from the tasks and functions assumed by the Armed Forces of the Philippines, in addition to its primary role of defending the country and the Filipino people against external aggression. In response to the increasing number of COVID-19 cases reported in the Philippines, the country's political leadership has recognized the severity of the problem and put in place measures to contain the disease and track, isolate and treat those who have become ill. was already infected. Equally important is the passage of Republic Act 11469, or the Bayanihan to Heal as One Act, which grants the President special powers to address the COVID-19 outbreak in the Philippines.

Participate in multilateral discussions that shape regional and international policies to address the threat of COVID-19; and. Assistance to the World Health Organization, notably the entry of 16 COVID-19 responses from 24 to 30 April 202021. The DFA has also taken the lead in promoting regional and international cooperation to address the COVID-19 pandemic.

President’s Papers Vol. 1

Editorial Board

ATIENZA, DEM Vice President for Academic Affairs and Dean


Figure 1. Key Components of Crisis

Mga Sanggunian


showed that 15 patients who underwent ultrasound-guided ganglion impar blocks had no adverse events and showed statistically significant improved post-block pain scores.6 A case report