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Socio-demographic factors affecting attitude towards office gastrodiplomacy among local government employees

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The opinions and facts contained in the articles published in this issue of Silliman Journal are solely the responsibility of the individual authors and not of the editors, Editorial Board, Silliman Journal or Silliman University. Other questions regarding editorial policies and contributions may be directed to the Silliman Journal Business Manager or the Editor at the following email address: sillimanjournal@su.edu.ph. Manuscripts of up to 10,000 words, including tables and references, should conform to the format and style conventions illustrated in a typical issue of Silliman Journal.

Editorial Notes

The notes section includes articles by Joseph and Corazon Padilla and Jan Antonio Credo. In their paper, Joseph and Corazon review an article on communicative language teaching in the postmodern era. He said the dramatic footage was a result of good timing as he was able to capture it as "the boatmen and their vessel lined up against the dying light of the sun".

Detection of Pesticide Residues in Vegetables,

Most of the 28 samples that tested positive for pesticide residues contained chemicals belonging to the organophosphate group. The data show that the current level of pesticide use by many of the surveyed farmers has led to the contamination of some vegetable samples with pesticide residues at levels considered unsafe for human consumption. The current level of pesticide use by the majority of the surveyed farmers has led to the contamination of some vegetable samples with pesticide residues.

Figure 1. Subgroups of insecticides and the number of vegetable farmers using  them
Figure 1. Subgroups of insecticides and the number of vegetable farmers using them

Total Antioxidant Activity, Total

Flavonoid Contents of Eggplant (Solanum

In addition, it has been suggested that the antioxidant capacity of eggplant is positively related to its phenolic content (Okmen et al., 2009, Chumyam et al., 2013; Plazas et al., 2013). Antioxidant activity was assessed using the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) test (Brand-Williams et al., 1995). The increasing importance of phenolic compounds in plant species is mainly attributed to their antioxidant capacity (Salerno et al., 2014).

Figure 2. a) Total Phenolic Content b) Total Flavonoid Content and c) Total  Antioxidant Activity of Solanum aethiopicum L., S
Figure 2. a) Total Phenolic Content b) Total Flavonoid Content and c) Total Antioxidant Activity of Solanum aethiopicum L., S

Floristic Inventory and Distribution of Trees

Similar initiatives have already been implemented on a regional scale in the Philippines since the start of the National Greening Program in 2011. The present study also found that approximately 77.3% of street trees belonged to the Leguminosae family (see Table 2). In other countries, researchers found that urban trees were rated as poor when grown in the warmest parts of the city (i.e. with a more impermeable cover) (Dale & Frank, 2014).

Furthermore, one of the best approaches to keeping urban trees in good condition is to reduce these impervious surfaces and provide better access to fertile soil (Just et al., 2019). The Salinas National Road was dominated by the genus Swietenia, comprising 44% of the total tree population in the area. This was followed by Osmeña Boulevard, dominated by the genus Pterocarpus, which accounted for 85% of the total tree population in the area.

While conducting the study, investigators were told that the city government was conducting scheduled pruning operations for the trees along urban corridors for the safety of the public. However, all five streets along the road recorded a significant number of trees that needed attention. The researchers had successfully achieved the study's objectives, generated the list and distribution map, and identified the ecological status of each tree found in the study.

There were more than two thousand trees encountered during the field survey and this means that Cebu City had never neglected the importance of trees as part of the city's green infrastructure program.

Figure 1. Map of Cebu City (first box figure) and map of the selected national  streets/roads, namely: (1) N
Figure 1. Map of Cebu City (first box figure) and map of the selected national streets/roads, namely: (1) N

Climate Change Knowledge and

The study aimed to determine the knowledge level and the affective and behavioral response of senior high school students to climate change. The results of the study served as a basis for teachers to develop teaching interventions that would strengthen the students' knowledge and response to environmental education. Furthermore, the students also showed "pleasant" affective and behavioral response to the actions related to climate change.

In addition, the senior high school teachers gave a positive response to the results of the study as a basis for their teaching material development. Climate change is considered the leading multigenerational problem facing humanity in the twenty-first century.

Behavioral Response of Negros Oriental

The results of the study indicated that the settlers had moderate knowledge of climate change. It could further be shown that almost half of the students were unable to identify the causes of climate change. Additionally, one third of the student population was unable to identify the effects of climate change.

Moreover, one quarter of the students were unable to identify the mitigation activities that could reduce the causes of climate change. This number may reflect the human contribution to activities that drive climate change (Falsario, Muyong, & Nuevaespania, 2014). In general, the students were found to moderately agree with all the climate change-related statements.

The results show that the majority of students believe that climate change is a real phenomenon. Students have also shown a strong willingness to participate in advocacy aimed at reducing the effects of climate change (Chang & Pascua, 2017; Zerrudo, Salain & Salain, 2017; Ogunsola, Araromi & Adeshina, 2018). Almost half of the entire population, however, had problems recognizing the causes of climate change.

Studies on student awareness of climate change education in Nigeria: A case study from the University of Ibadan.

Figure 1. Behavioral Change Model
Figure 1. Behavioral Change Model

Socio-Demographic Factors Affecting

Attitude towards Office Gastrodiplomacy among

Employees

Distribution of respondents according to their sociodemographic characteristics and their attitude towards office gastrodiplomacy. This indicates that the age of the respondents had a significant influence on their attitude towards office gastrodiplomacy. Therefore, the hypothesis that there was no correlation between age and attitude towards office gastrodiplomacy is rejected.

The hypothesis that there is no relationship between age and attitude towards office gastro diplomacy can therefore not be rejected. This indicates that education level did not significantly influence the respondents' attitudes towards gastro diplomacy in the office. The hypothesis that there is no relationship between age and attitude towards office gastro diplomacy can therefore not be rejected.

This shows that length of service had a significant impact on respondents' attitude towards office gastrodiplomacy. Therefore, the hypothesis that there is no relationship between age and attitude towards office gastrodiplomacy is rejected. This shows that monthly income did not have any significant impact on the respondents' attitude towards office gastrodiplomacy.

The hypothesis, therefore, that there is no relationship between age and the attitude towards office gastrodiplomacy, cannot be rejected.

Administrative Regulation of

Philippine Health Care Professionals

The study involved a retrospective medical record review, specifically of the health care worker complaints kept in China. Most of the complaints related to patient care involved adults, with a slight preponderance of women. Death, as well as resulting moderate or severe physical disability, was reported in the majority of patient care-related complaints.

Of the 178 cases not directly related to patient care, only the alleged offenses of the professionals were counted. A premise of the study is that the PRC provides a comprehensive resource for patient complaints, which is a measure of professionalism, safety and quality in healthcare. A large number of complaints could not be submitted by the PRC, which affected the quantity and quality of the data available.

Trainees made up only a small proportion of caregivers involved in the safety events. The Health Boards of the country's Professional Regulations Commission are important channels for administrative complaints against healthcare providers. The study was funded by a grant from the College of Medicine at the University of the Philippines in Manila.

They were prevented from analyzing the cases included in the study, in which they may have participated as legal advisers.

Figure 1. Collection of cases from complaints filed with the PRC  against health care providers
Figure 1. Collection of cases from complaints filed with the PRC against health care providers

NOTES SECTION

Automated Teachers No More: A Closer

Role in Postmethod Era

Therefore, this critical commentary will explore the perceived roles of teachers in the postal method era and does not include relevant criticism of postal method pedagogy. However, the focus of this article is on the perceived role of teachers and teacher educators in the movement towards the postal era. The following discusses the perceived roles of teachers in the postal method era as presented in Kumaravadivelu's (2001) article.

Reflective teaching, as a sign of the autonomous role of postmethod teacher, is integral in the field of language teaching in particular. The autonomous role of teachers in the postmethod era offers hope to break away from traditional perspectives of language teaching. The experiences that teachers have in the past (eg their pre-service years) greatly influence their sense of acceptability.

However, in the Philippines, public school teachers practice a sense of authenticity in the production of their teaching materials. In view of all this, language teachers' sense of credibility can only be useful in the language classroom if it consists of the experiences of teachers who adhere to post-method pedagogy. This critical commentary explores the principles of postmethod pedagogy and its application in the language classroom.

In particular, this explores the perceived roles of teachers in the post-method era: to have a sense of autonomy and plausibility and to be individuals whose voice and experiences matter.

Rational Choice and Philippine Politics

Reflecting on political participation in the Philippines, I argue that the rational choice perspective is able to account for the prevailing nature of local Philippine politics. It cannot claim watertight applicability as it is limited by its own features and by the uniquely Filipino core value of “kapwa” captured in the work of Virgilio Enriquez (Enriquez, 1994; Cabral, Santos, Silva, & Torres, 2016 ). Lande (1977) noted that the supportive dyadic relationship became the foundation of the patron-client relationships in the country.

The patron has his own interests to achieve, while the client is not a passive participant in the relationship as previously thought. It can therefore be understood that the provincial political faction maintained a constellation of factions and personal followings in the towns and villages. While Hicken's (2018) observation that there was no functional and institutionalized political party system in the Philippines at the time was undeniably true, the party system then revealed one important fact - that the parties were platforms for the aggregation of interests.

Like the little people, the big people were not only active actors in local politics, but also active rational utility maximizers. The previous functioning of local political parties and their representative offices in modern Philippine politics has not changed significantly. This tells me that in light of the “kapwa” concept, rational choice thinkers may have oversimplified dyadic linkages in Philippine politics.

While there is nothing wrong with this seemingly Western imposition, perhaps it is in the best interest of advancing the knowledge and understanding of Philippine politics that we view it through a non-traditional and unconventional lens that is separate from the traditional, the state-oriented Western thinking. .

Pigura

Figure 1. Subgroups of insecticides and the number of vegetable farmers using  them
Figure 2.  Toxicity category of pesticides and the percentage of farmers  using them
Figure 2. a) Total Phenolic Content b) Total Flavonoid Content and c) Total  Antioxidant Activity of Solanum aethiopicum L., S
Figure 3.  Correlation between (a) Total Antioxidant Activity (%RSA) and Total  Phenolic Content (TPC) and, (b) Total Antioxidant Activity (%RSA) and Total  Flavonoid Content (TFC) of Solanum aethiopicum L., S
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Lake water samples, wild Nile tilapias Oreochromis niloticus, its acanthocephalan parasites Acanthogyrus sp., and Asian clams Corbicula fluminea were collected and subjected to Pb