Strategy and Program for the Rehabilitation and Reconstruction of the Fisheries Sector in Aceh and. Recognizes the direction for rehabilitation and restoration of fisheries provided by the 2005 Rome Declaration on Fisheries and the Tsunami2 as well as the initiatives of the Consortium to Restore Devastated Livelihoods in Tsunami-Devastated Nations3 (CONSRN).
Strategy and Program
Aceh, like the rest of North Sumatra, which also includes the island of Nias, had a vibrant fishing sector.
Indonesia, following the Tsunami
During the SEAFDEC Informal Consultation on Support to the Fisheries Assistance Program for Tsunami Affected ASEAN Countries, held in Hanoi in April 2005, the Indonesian delegation presented a strategy and program for the recovery and reconstruction of the fisheries sector in the areas affected by the December 26 disaster. Tsunami of 2004. In the meantime, other key government agencies and donors at the national level have also been consulted to maximize the efficiency and effectiveness of resource use.
FISHERIES IN TSUNAMI-AFFECTED AREAS 1
This article builds directly on the paper presented at the hearing and provides information on the rehabilitation strategy to be implemented in Indonesia. This strategy was prepared by the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (MMAF) with assistance from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the World Bank (WB).
Before the Tsunami
The infrastructure and facilities developed to support the fishing sector in the disaster-affected area include two major fishing ports in Banda Aceh and Nias, 49 small fishing ports and a large number of community-run fish landing facilities. Each province and district has a number of field offices (dinas), established by local governments.
After the Tsunami
A large number of fishermen died: based on the first rapid surveys and calculations, it was estimated that between 15 and 20% of the fishermen in the 18 kabupatens died. Most of the infrastructure and other facilities have been destroyed or damaged, and many community members have lost their homes, fishing boats, engines and equipment.
There are some reports of larger boats resuming or continuing to fish on the east coast and in the southern part of the west coast. It has also been estimated that the recovery period to pre-tsunami production in aquaculture will take about 5 years, although this will mostly depend on the recovery rate of the private sector in the region.
Guiding Principles for the Rehabilitation and Reconstruction of the Coastal Area of Aceh
The total damage to the sector is estimated at Rp 1,200 billion (more than half of the industry's total assets). In addition, there are losses to the economy related to the destruction of Aceh's fishing assets, in other words, revenues lost from fishing and aquaculture. Considering that 65% of boats and equipment were lost and that 15-20% of fishermen died, the capacity to catch and land fish was very significantly reduced.
Prior to the disaster, fisheries yields were relatively stable despite increasing fishing effort, highlighting the fact that fisheries are operating at or beyond their optimal level. Based on the above assumptions, the total loss of income until recovery to the pre-disaster production level is estimated at Rp 3.8 trillion.
Rehabilitation and reconstruction efforts offers an opportunity for not just restoring livelihoods and rehabilitating ecosystems to the
However, in capture or sea fishing, the recovery rate will be much longer, estimated to be as long as 10 years. Further studies will be needed to understand the long-term impact of the disaster on fishery production. Be integrated and holistic, as such approaches are particularly important in the coastal zone and for poorer coastal communities: coastal areas tend to be fragile with a complex set of ecological interactions taking place.
Acehnese leaders and the Panglima Laut fishing organization should be engaged to facilitate information gathering and discuss options for rehabilitation and reconstruction activities. In short, the rehabilitation and reconstruction efforts provide opportunities to realize an integrated coastal zone and sustainable fisheries management on a provincial scale.
Strategies for Rehabilitation and Reconstruction
Consider environmental sustainability throughout: The health of fisheries-related ecosystems such as mangroves, coral reefs and seagrass beds will be ensured through zoning (eg limited use and no-use) and through fisheries management tools to prevent overfishing. Certain types of mariculture that support sustainable resource use will be encouraged (fish and shellfish trail and cage culture and kelp culture) as well as fishing gear with a minimal negative impact on long-term fishery production. Community members in coastal villages, generally the hardest hit, should be at the forefront of all discussions about future activities.
Full participation also implies transparency and accountability in the relationship between the community and the partners in order to maximize the effectiveness and efficiency of the activities. This will give a greater sense of ownership to local communities and strengthen their ability to solve problems as they arise, as well as strengthen community skills and build their assets.
Community members of coastal villages, in general the
REHABILITATION AND RECONSTRUCTION ACTIVITIES
Short-term Rehabilitation Activities
Local capacity is sufficient to carry out minor repairs, but building materials and tools must be provided. Some support services need to be restored quickly as they are essential for productive activity. At the same time, many of the ports located in the western part of Aceh suffered severe damage, with much of their infrastructure completely washed away.
In the case of aquaculture, surveys should be conducted that focus on claims for key facilities, including breakwaters, ice houses and pumps. Detailed design and prioritization of acquisitions and construction will need to be done to maximize benefits for coastal communities.
Indicative Long-term Reconstruction Activities Starting in 2005, and continuing for the next 5 to 8
Strengthening communities and their productive activities
Marketing and post-harvest systems must be stimulated and opportunities created, by providing government infrastructure and supporting initiatives by the private sector. An assessment of patron-client relationships should be attempted to quantify assets, remaining financial capacity and the financial services provided. At the same time, it must be ensured that the overall pressure on fishery resources in coastal areas by small-scale fishermen does not increase beyond the local stock capacity, and that there are local job benefits from this midwater industry.
The legislation must be strongly enforced, together with the necessary restrictions on large-scale coastal fishing. The next generation – children who survived the tsunami – should be given specific educational materials on coastal ecology, tsunami response, sustainable fisheries and aquaculture.
Strengthening public services, rehabilitation efforts, and protecting public goods
MONITORING AND EVALUATION
December 2004, a massive earthquake near the coast of the island of Sumatra in Indonesia triggered a tsunami that
Impact on Fisheries
Impact on Aquaculture
TACKLING TSUNAMI DAMAGE TO FISHERIES
Establishing a rescue centre and units
Preliminary damage assessments and provision of government relief fund
Development of a Fisheries Rehabilitation Plan Needs
A number of livelihood recovery activities for fishing communities were identified, mostly focusing on short-term and short-term occupations, while also addressing medium- to long-term activities such as unemployment or vocational development. The Fisheries Rehabilitation Plan includes two programmes: livelihood recovery and coastal and fisheries resource recovery. The two programs are divided into phases covering immediate needs (3 months), short-term rehabilitation (4-6 months), medium-term rehabilitation (6-12 months) and long-term rehabilitation (from 1-2 years).
The needs for support are also divided between the household/village level and the institutional level.
The Thai Department of preliminary assessmen
COASTAL AND FISHERIES RESOURCES REHABILITATION
COLLECTION AND DIVULGATION OF INFORMATION ON NEEDS AND
This information can be used to quickly form a focused picture of the support needed at a specific location. Development of the database has recently been completed and information has been shared with government agencies and NGO networks as well as international and national donors. The material included will be regularly updated as information from ongoing work is provided, ensuring the ongoing validity and relevance of the database.
Coordination of a joint government-NGO donor program to support the rebuilding of livelihoods of the tsunami victims. Management of a database and communication system, including updated needs assessments, tracking of interventions and exchange of experiences in tsunami relief and recovery.
The important task of updating the database is coordinated by the Andaman Forum, a Tsunami Rehabilitation Coordinating Body focused on survival aspects, as detailed below.
MECHANISMS FOR SUPPORT AND COORDINATION
With six issues of Fish for the People already published, and Fish for the People celebrating its second birthday, we hope that we have given you a good idea of the aims and general tone of the publication. Find us at www.seafdec.org and click on the Fish for the People link in the right side of the screen. Shortly after completing the regionalization of the Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries (CCRF), SEAFDEC published a 4-set package of the Regional Guidelines for Responsible Fisheries in Southeast Asia.
The implementation of the CCRF is a very important achievement for ensuring sustainable fisheries in Southeast Asia. The regionalization process for the CCRF began in 1998 with a series of preparatory work and regional consultations with the specific social, economic, cultural, ecological and institutional contexts and diversity of Southeast Asian fisheries and was completed in early 2005.
Fishery statistics are widely recognized as an important tool for providing crucial help in determining national fisheries policies, formulating national management
It is nonetheless a fact that national fishery statistics systems of ASEAN member countries are currently not being effectively developed and implemented
Despite these positive outcomes, the improvement of the fisheries statistics system in Vietnam still faces many problems. Supporting sound statistical systems in the region The second RTC on Fisheries Statistics was conducted from 15 to 18 June 2004. It also aimed to identify further priority activities to be undertaken for the improvement of fisheries statistics systems in the ASEAN region.
In addition, there will be a streamlining of the member countries' reporting of fisheries statistics to both FAO and SEAFDEC. This includes the formulation of the next phase of the project on "improving fisheries statistics systems and mechanisms". SEAFDEC had started a long-term process that will hopefully support the improvement of fisheries statistics and information in Southeast Asia.
The results of the project will help member countries to determine directions for the development of programs and activities that will improve their national fisheries statistics and information systems.
SEAFDEC is an autonomous intergovernmental body established in 1967 as a regional treaty organization to promote sustainable fisheries development in Southeast Asia. SEAFDEC specifically aims to develop fisheries potential in the region through training, research and information services in order to improve food supply through rational utilization of fisheries resources in the region. To offer training courses, and to organize workshops and seminars, in fishing technology, marine engineering, extension methodology, post-harvest technology and aquaculture;.
To conduct research and development in fishing gear technology, fishing ground surveys, post-harvest technology and aquaculture, to examine problems related to marine fish handling and quality control, and to undertake studies on fishery resources in region; and 3.